Aicardi syndrome is a very rare disorder that was first identified by Dr Jean Aicardi, a French neurologist
. The characteristic features of the disorder are infantile spasm
s, absence of the corpus callosum
, either partial or complete, mental retardation, and lesions or lacunae
of the retina
or optic nerve
. There are thought to be less than 500 sufferers of Aicardi syndrome in the world.
Aicardi is not thought to be hereditary. Instead it is thought to be caused by a mutation of the X chromosome. To diagnose Aicardi, which usually occurs in the third to fifth months of a child's life the following are looked for:
There is no cure for the syndrome, but symptoms can be managed with drugs.