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A city in southern New Mexico, founded around 1888 and originally named Eddy (the name was changed to Carlsbad to emphasize nearby Carlsbad Springs, a popular mineral spring). It is the county seat of Eddy County and has a population of about 25,000 people. The city gets about 15.5 inches of rain every year, and the average annual temperature is approximately 61 degrees -- though Carlsbad is often the hottest city in the state in the summer. The economy is driven by agriculture, potash mining, the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (or WIPP), and, of course, tourism.

The city is most famous for its close proximity to a series of caves, discovered by James L. White in 1902 -- they are, of course, best known as Carlsbad Caverns National Park. Another nifty place to visit is the Living Desert State Park, which features a small zoo of desert wildlife situated at the top of a lofty mountain. And the Pecos River flows through town -- Carlsbad's Riverwalk attracts many fishermen, boaters, and skiiers.

Research from http://www.southernnewmexico.com/snm/carlsbad.html

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