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Giulio de Medici

Became Pope in 1523 and died in 1534. Was greatly opposed to reform and played a major part in failure of the Roman Catholic Church’s efforts to start a counter or catholic reformation .

Was heavily preoccupied with the Italian Wars against the Holy Roman Empire. These wars led to the sacking of Rome in 1527 when Clement was held hostage by Charles V.

Generally regarded as one of the worst pontificates of the early modern period.

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