The Mingo indians were a small population group related to the Iroquois. They were comprised primarily of several groups which had been adopted into the Iroquois rather than a distinct population themselves. They were primarily composed of Cayugas and Senecas with a sprinkling of Huron, Erie, and other groups of neutrals. They are sometimes referred to as the Ohio Seneca indians.
Originally ranging in present-day New York state, by the 1750s the Mingoes had taken up residence in eastern Ohio, then over the next 2 decades expanded into central Ohio to present-day Columbus.
The Mingoes were part of an indian confederacy which opposed the Virginia colonists incursion into the Ohio River Valley in a conflict known as Lord Dunmore's War. They suffered an attack on one of their villages located at Columbus in late 1774. This attack scattered the Mingoes who then settled along the Sandusky River or located into southern Ohio.
Notes by Thomas Jefferson in 1784 list the Mingo population as only 60 in number in 1779, living along the Scioto River in Ohio.
By the early 1800s the Mingoes had spread out to villages along the Sandusky River. They began allying and living with other tribes such as the Miami and Shawnee in hopes that the combined tribes would be more effective in resisting colonial expansion.
In 1831 the Mingo lost their struggle, being forced to sell their lands to the United States and move onto reservations in the west.
Probably the most prominent member of the Mingo indians was Chief Logan.