(also called Pleuritis) is an inflamation
of the pleural membranes (which is where the name pleurisy
is from) that both surround the lungs
and line the ribcage. these membranes are responsible for supplying lubrication
(called serous fluids) between the moving parts of the lungs and the body.
Pleurisy tends to be caused by an underlying disease and rarely occurs on its own. Disease
s that pleurisy often accompanies are:
Types of Pleurisy
Pleurisy is classified as being either dry
Symptoms of dry pleurisy:
, but quick pain, often only on one side of the chest
, that occurs when breathing deeply, coughing, or sneezing. A doctor can diagnose dry pleurisy by listening for raspy sounds of the membranes rubbing together.
Dry pleurisy reduces the amount of lubrication created and results in a sticking pain. the pleural lining becomes covered with an excretion of lymph
, which cause abrasion
s on the pleural membranes when they come into contact with each other, the lungs, or the chest wall. these abrasions are usually permanent
and can seriously reduce
Symptoms of Pleural Effusion:
shortness of breath (caused by pressure
from the fuid on the lungs), a dry cough. A doctor would use chest x-rays to diagnose
fluid within the pleural membranes.
Effusive pleurisy causes a build up of serous fluid within the pleural space. the inflame
d areas of the pleura may stick together by adhesions, which are usually permanent
. This type of pleurisy
, though more serious
, hurts less than dry pleurisy due to the cushion
ing effect of the excess fluid.
Prognosis and Treatment
is general considered only as serious
as the underlying condition
which brought it about. Antibiotics, codeine
based cough-syrup, and anti-inflammatory drugs are often perscribed. In the event of pleural effusion, a hospital
stay may be required, and the liquid may be removed through a chest tube
and examined to determine their cause
. Often, symptoms without complications clear completely and spontaneously in 2 weeks.
As a personal note: dry pleurisy hurt
s like the dickens.