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The "Slave Coast" was the name given by European colonial powers to the region of West Africa on the Gulf of Guinea extending roughly from the Volta River in the west to the Niger River delta in the east, in the area now comprising the modern nations of Togo, Benin, and Nigeria. Largely controlled by the British from the 17th century onward, the region was the principle source of African slaves from the 16th to the 19th centuries.

To the west its neighbors were the similarly named Gold Coast and Ivory Coast. The Ivory Coast retains its name to this day, in the French form Cote d'Ivoire. Suffice to say, the Slave Coast did not.

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