Beware the pursuit of the superhuman;
it leads to an indiscriminate contempt for the human.
George Bernard Shaw, Man and Superman, Act III.
With this apt quote, Jeff Rice began
his 1974 novelization of Richard Matheson's 1973 screenplay The Night
Strangler. The latter story followed the successful recipe of Matheson's
1972 The Night Stalker, which had been based on characters created
in Rice's unsold screenplay The Kolchak Papers. ABC had struck it big with The Night Stalker, which was the
highest-rated TV movie up to that time, and another outing
of the brave, intelligent and endearingly in-your-face reporter Carl Kolchak
was probably inevitable.
The Night Strangler once
again blurred the boundaries of the horrible and the mundane, this
time with a series of brutal killings in Seattle. Women
have had their necks crushed and (as Kolchak discovers later) small amounts
of their cerebrospinal fluid have been removed by syringe. Traces of decaying
flesh were found on their bodies.
By chance, one of Kolchak's colleagues,
an archivist, discovers in the newspaper morgue that this series
of murders was paralleled by a similar series 20 years before--and another
21 years before that . . . and another 21 years before that. One constant is
that witnesses claim the killer looked like a decaying
corpse, or had cheekbones protruding through his flesh. The facts seem somehow
to point to one and the same "person" being guilty. The archivist
finds more information suggesting that a certain Dr. Richard Malcolm, a former
Union officer in the Civil War and builder of Seattle's
Westside Mercy Hospital, may be involved--but he disappeared in the great Seattle
fire of 1889, when his family died of smoke inhalation (and the year of the
first reported murders of women). But in 1910 a Dr. Malcolm Richards built a
new hospital over the ruins of the old; 1910 had another series of murders.
He disappeared in 1931, amidst another set of murders.
At this point, the movie and the
book each become intensely interesting in their own way, surpassing even The
Night Stalker. More than the movie, the book (85-90) develops the theme
that the killer is an alchemist of the old school, with the suggestion being
that the Seattle killer is an alchemist named Eirenaeus Philalethes who wrote
in 1641, "Glory to be God, alone." Kolchak "profiles" the
alchemist, finding that these "were men of little patience, often greedy
and occasionally evidencing Messianic
tendencies which almost invariably seemed to go hand in hand with delusions
of grandeur and the right to take human life indiscrimately." Recently
disguised under the name Malcolm Richards in Seattle, he perfected an elixir
of life which removes traces of ageing and retards further ageing for 21 year
cycles. When a cycle comes to an end, he starts to age very rapidly--hence the
cadavrous perp--and the murders, to get the elusive necessary component from
But the second theme that is developed
is the one that made me a lifelong devotee of Kolchak. The alchemist murderer
naturally adopted his false personas to disguise his unnatural longevity;
he has made a good living by using his extraordinary medical skills as a doctor
and benefactor of society. The clinic built by Malcom Richards is not far from
Pioneer Square, one of the oldest parts of Seattle, and this building spans
two worlds. One is the world of light above, where benefactor and society meet.
Matheson (and Rice) cleverly
incorporated (and exaggerrated) a true fact about Seattle to add a nightmarish
gothic component. Because of water-control problems, the city of Seattle--those
parts of it with the most severe problems, anyway--was simply raised a level
in the aftermath of the terrible 1889 fire. What had been the ground floor now
became a basement, and streets were built overhead at second story level. It
has been possible to tour this so-called Seattle Underground of covered streets
and abandoned basements since 1964 when a man named Bill Speidel made a business
of offering tours. It is a bit cramped and tarted up for tourists, but it is
in fact something of a time capsule.
Kolchak's killer has access to this
underground world through the basement of his clinic, but in book and movie
it becomes a true lost world. The National Trust Guide to Seattle (34)
says that the movie's underground was "exaggerrated ad absurdum,"
but this is not true: or at any rate, it calls for no more suspension of disbelief
than the idea of a centuries-old alchemist with an elixir of life! Here is Kolchak's
voice-over in the movie (the voice is Darren McGavin's, of course):
It was like another world down
there, a world of yesterday. Sidewalks and storefronts just as they'd been
left after the fire of 1889. Windows built to admit the light, admitting only
darkness, now. Ground floors of office buildings, now the unused cellars of
those buildings. The tomb of old Seattle . . . .
Rice expands Kolchak's narrative,
effectively describing the movie's set in the book (135):
Slowly I descended the stairs,
pausing at each landing to make a quick survey of the doors. Some of the rooms
had office furniture, great blocky wooden desks scorched in spots; some had
examining tables. Most were gutted. The fire had taken a capricious tour of
the building, touching some places and ignoring others.
Fog had somehow seeped into the building and lay like a smokey white carpet
along what hed been the foyer and admitting area. The front of the building
had collapsed in spots and I could just see out of one hole in the wall.
Outside, yet another fantastic sight. Far more impressive than anything I'd
seen on the Underground Tour. Bill Speidel's eyes would have bulged to see
it: an entire Victorian street, gaslit, with cobblestones--the works.
Of course it only ran for a block or so, and then the inevitable dead end
against the foundations of Seattle's post-conflagration streets.
At one end of the "ground-floor" court were two ornate, very tall
double doors. I could swear I heard music coming from the room beyond.
In the gothic nightmare world under
Seattle Kolchak finds--or is discovered by--the killer, who lives in an environment
frozen in time, replete with tanned cadavers of his family (and
family dog). Book and movie portray the killer as one of those superman types
(Nietsche's, not Clark Kent) with utter contempt for
people while trying to save humanity by defeating death. The alchemist-killer
cannot resist telling his story to Kolchak, who thereby manages to survive the
encounter long enough to destroy the final dose of the elixir. The killer begins
to age rapidly, and flings himself out a window (down several stories) to avoid
capture by the police. His final enraged remark to Kolchak before jumping (151):
"When the world starts to chew itself up alive, and spits out its own guts
. . . be it on your conscience, Mr. Kolchak!" (In the movie he
just looks at Kolchak and asks "Why?")
Since I wrote this, the 2005 series The Night Stalker with
Stuart Townsend as Kolchak has come and gone. The ninth episode, "Timeless", is a homage
to The Night Strangler, with an LA-based female fiend who strikes every thirty-five years
as the antagonist. Delightfully, the role of newspaper morgue archivist Titus Berry is brought back, even repeating some of Berry's
dialogue from the 1973 screenplay.
Again since I wrote the above, I have found a claim by Mark Dawidziak (Kolchak Scripts
, 121) that "the atmospheric Bradbury Building, with its vintage elevator, was used as the part of the Seattle underground near Dr. Malcolm's home and underground clinic." The Bradbury Building, which is actually at 304 S. Broadway in Los Angeles, is more famous for its use as J.F. Sebastian's house in Blade Runner
. It was built in 1893.
Crowley, Walt. National Trust
Guide. Seattle. 1998. Pages 32-34 on the fire, building up, and underground
Dawidziak, Mark. The Night Stalker Companion. A 25th Anniversary Tribute.
1997. Pages 73-89.
----------. Richard Matheson's Kolchak Scripts. 2003.
Gebhard, D. and Winter, R. Los Angeles. An Architectural Guide. 1994. (Bradbury Building on 234-235.)
Gerani, Gary, and Schulman, Paul. Fantastic Television. A Pictorial History
of Sci-Fi, the Unusual, and the Fantastic. 1977. Pages 134-141. The Kolchak
voiceover is taken from this volume, p. 136.
Rice, Jeff. The Night Stalker. 1973.
----------. The Night Strangler. 1974. (Quotations from this book are
in parentheses in the text above.)