A Bronze Age shipwreck
found off of the coast
of southern Turkey
. Excavated in 1984 by project directors Cemal Pulak
and George F. Bass
, the ship sank
sometime during the 14th century BCE. First found by a diver
searching for sponges in June of 1982, this wreck is the old
est ever found. It was on a steep slope at a depth
of approximately 140 feet, with object
s scattered deeper. The discovery
of the ship
was very useful in determining the trade route
s of the Mediterranean
during the Bronze Age
. The site excavation
yielded one of the largest collections of Bronze Age artifact
s in the world
with nearly 12 tons of cargo. Numerous types of objects were collected.
- Ceramics: Nine large storage jars, drinking cups, bronze and copper cauldrons and bowls.
- Jewelry: Canaanite bracelets and gold pendants. Also found was a lot of scrap gold and silver among some Egyptian electrum, gold, and silver pieces. Hundreds of beads were found of glass, agate, carnelian, quartz, amber and other materials.
- Tools: Bronze axes, chisels, drills and awls accompanied bronze daggars, swords and arrowheads. Fishhooks, harpoons and nets were also recovered.
s of the ship are difficult to determine. The cargo
on board is good evidence
of the range it travelled. The pottery design is Canaanite
, a culture that existed along the Eastern Mediterranean coast
. The amber found on board was identified as Baltic amber from northern Europe
. The ivory
discovered probably came from the Palestinian coast. There is also remnants of various crew members of Canaanite
, and Mycenaean