In times of need common chalk can be used as an antacid. It will neutralize the acid in your stomach. School chalk is CaCO2 or Calcium Carbonate which is the main ingredient used in antacid.
Brand/Generic Drug Names
Amphojel/aluminum hydroxide, Tums/calcium carbonate, Riopan/magaldrate, Maalox/magnesium oxide, Soda Mint/sodium bicarbonate, Phosphaljel/aluminum phosphate, Rolaids/dihydroxyaluminum sodium carbonate, Phillips’ Milk of Magnesia/magnesium hydroxide (ok, so I didn't put your favorite in - sorry - there are ca. twelve gazillion OTC brands!)
decreased hyperacidity in peptic ulcer disease, reflux esophagitis, gastritis, hiatal hernia
basic compounds which neutralize gastric acidity and decrease rate of gastric emptying (aluminum, magnesium, calcium compounds)
magnesium or aluminum hypersensitivity
magnesium: renal insufficiency, pregnancy, lactation
sodium content may be high; hypertension, congestive heart failure, low-sodium diet
Increased effect: quinidine, amphetamines, pseudoephedrine, levodopa, valproic acid, dicumarol
Decreased effect: cimetidine, corticosteroids, ranitidine, iron salts, phenothiazines, phenytoin, digoxin, tetracyclines, ketoconazole, salicylates, isoniazid
aluminum: constipation, fecal impaction, bowel obstruction
calcium: constipation, diarrhea
Carbonates: alkalosis, belching, abdominal distention, flatulence, alkaluria, electrolyte disturbances, rebound hyperacidity, milk-alkali syndrome
Assess aggravating/alleviating factors
Identify location, duration, characteristics of epigastric pain
Assess gastrointestinal symptoms; if fever and severe abdominal pain are present, do not give
Assess renal symptoms, urinary pH, electrolytes
Administer with 8 oz glass of water
Evaluate therapeutic response: decreased acidity and pain
August 06, 2002
Ant*ac"id (#), n. [Pref. anti- + acid.] Med.
A remedy for acidity of the stomach, as an alkali or absorbent.
Counteractive of acidity.
© Webster 1913.
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