A manufactured gas
is any gas made by a manufacturing process. Raw materials used in the production of manufactured gas include coal, oil, coke, natural gas, or one of the other manufactured
gases. For example, coal gas is made by distilling bituminous coal in either retorts or by-product coke ovens. Often several
of these raw materials
are used together as a base for the production of manufactured gas.
The types of manufactured gases commercially available
include: 1. Coal gas or by-product coke-oven gas
2. Oil gas
3. Blue water gas
4. Carbureted water gas
5. Producer gas
6. Reformed natural gas
7. Liquefied petroleum gas
Most of these gases have low calorific values (generally between 500 and 1000 Btu's per cubic foot), and are produced primarily for industrial use. Producer gas and liquefied petroleum gas are also used for domestic purposes. The former may be used alone or in combination with other gases. Of all the manufactured gases, liquefied petroleum gas enjoys the widest application in domestic heating and cooking.