A term that Allah uses in the Quran to refer to Christians and Jews. They are referred to as such due to the fact that they are the only groups of people besides the Muslim to have a "book" revealed to them. The Christians had their "book" revealed to them through Jesus (Isa) and the Jews through Moses (Musa). Some Muslims mistakenly believe that Abraham (Ibrahim) received a book as well, when what he actually received are considered "pages" of guidance. Both these terms "pages" and "book" suffer from the inability to translate the Arabic language to any other language. Therefore it must be made known that the "book" that was revealed Jesus was never compiled, it was recited. Similarly the book revealed to Muhammad was not compiled until several years after his death.

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