In the US Penal System
, a reformatory is prison
used for first offenders
them from the more hardcore repeat offender
s. The idea is that by separating the new offenders from the career criminal
s they will avoid the worst influences of prison life, hopefully reducing recidivism
The best known reformatory is in Mansfield, Ohio. The old Mansfield Reformatory building was used in filming The Shawshank Redemption and is currently a museum.