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Dam (?), n. [OE. dame mistress, lady; also, mother, dam. See Dame.]

1.

A female parent; -- used of beasts, especially of quadrupeds; sometimes applied in contempt to a human mother.

Our sire and dam, now confined to horses, are a relic of this age (13th century) . . . .Dame is used of a hen; we now make a great difference between dame and dam. T. L. K. Oliphant.

The dam runs lowing up end down, Looking the way her harmless young one went. Shak.

2.

A kind or crowned piece in the game of draughts.

 

© Webster 1913.


Dam, n. [Akin to OLG., D., & Dan. dam, G. & Sw. damm, Icel. dammr, and AS. fordemman to stop up, Goth. Fa�xa3;rdammjan.]

1.

A barrier to prevent the flow of a liquid; esp., a bank of earth, or wall of any kind, as of masonry or wood, built across a water course, to confine and keep back flowing water.

2. Metal.

A firebrick wall, or a stone, which forms the front of the hearth of a blast furnace.

Dam plate Blast Furnace, an iron plate in front of the dam, to strengthen it.

 

© Webster 1913.


Dam, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Dammed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Damming.]

1.

To obstruct or restrain the flow of, by a dam; to confine by constructing a dam, as a stream of water; -- generally used with in or up.

I'll have the current in this place dammed up. Shak.

A weight of earth that dams in the water. Mortimer.

2.

To shut up; to stop up; to close; to restrain.

The strait pass was dammed With dead men hurt behind, and cowards. Shak.

To dam out, to keep out by means of a dam.

 

© Webster 1913.