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A technique used in the game of billiards (pool, snooker, etc.) whereby the cue ball is struck at such an angle as to propel it towards the target with a reverse spin. This creates a rotational effect that may appear counter to the player's intended goal, but when skillfully executed the use of this simple principle of physics makes seemingly impossible shots a reality. Three of the most common uses of "English" are: 1) to avoid hitting other balls between the cue ball and the desired target, 2) to control the direction and/or speed of the cue ball, and 3) to assure better resting position of the cue ball for the next shot after the initial shot has been taken.