Examiners’ Guidelines for Assessment of
Technical Requirements on Piano Examinations
of the Royal Conservatory of Music of Toronto

Scales, Chords, Arpeggios, Octaves


  • very slow or uneven tempo
  • inadequate knowledge of keys
  • inaccurate notes
  • uneven touch
  • poor tone quality
  • inconsistent fingering
  • lack of rhythmic flow


  • slow, steady tempo
  • basic knowledge of keys
  • accurate nores
  • evenness in touch
  • satisfactory tone quality
  • good understanding of fingering
  • rhythmic security


  • fluent tempo
  • good knowledge of keys
  • accurate notes
  • even, articulate touch
  • good tone quality
  • appropriate fingering
  • good rhythmic definition and flow


  • required tempo or better
  • solid knowledge of keys
  • accurate notes
  • controlled, precise, and accurate performance
  • excellent tone quality
  • secure fingering
  • vitality and flexibility in rhythmic flow

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