Film noir developed after World War II, when the overall feelings of anxiety, pessimism and suspicion took hold of society. Film noir is considered to be a branch of early crime flicks, such as “Public Enemy” in 1931 and “Scarface” in 1932, although the tone is greatly altered. The crime, violence and greed depicted in a typical film noir piece are symbolic of society’s evils.

The basic characteristics of film noir include melancholy, alienation, pessimism, moral corruption, disenchantment and paranoia. The male characters of such films, both the “heros” and villains, are usually detectives, cops, crooks, gangsters or murderers. They tend to be loners; bitter, sardonic, insecure, and obsessive. There are generally two basic female characters: The dutiful, trustworthy dame or the duplicitous, predatory femme fatale. (The whore or the Madonna.) The manipulative female was virtually always the gorgeous bombshell. In the typical noir formula, the male protagonist must choose between the sweet gal and the evil one- and he almost always chooses the femme fatale. While the male character tends to choose this “spider woman,” she is often destroyed at the end of the story, and sometimes the hero is offed along with her. This is very often a controversial subject when it comes to discussions about the depiction of women in film. Many argue that although the woman is portrayed as evil and is destroyed, her “evilness” and lack of being controlled by the patriarch is symbolized by her character, and by destroying an “in control” woman, one is effectively killing off a woman of strength — a female not able to be dominated (which makes her a woman that men should fear).

Such films are usually (but certainly not always) shot in black and white, which enhance the theme involving the darker side of human nature. Expressionistic lighting is often used, which originally came from German Expressionism (such as in “The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari” in 1919), and the bizarre, often disproportioned camera shots combined with low-key lighting and smokey ambiance make for a gloomy, unsettling picture. Gritty, gloomy shots of rainy streets, low-lit, dingy apartments and glaring neon lights are the trademark of your typical film noir. French poetic realism was also a great influence, the film style where poetic conventionalization was integrated with realistic subjects and milieus.

The narratives tend to be non-linear and are often told with flashbacks, which lend to the idea that the final outcome of the story (usually involving a demise or two) is unavoidable. The first film noirs were usually detective thrillers, with many of the plotlines taken from literary works by “hard boiled” fiction-writing authors such as Raymond Chandler and Dashiell Hammett. Some of the most famous actors and actresses of such movies include Fred MacMurray, Humphrey Bogart, Robert Mitchum, Veronica Lake, Lana Turner, Ava Gardner and Rita Hayworth.

Here is a list of some of many noteworthy noir films:

"Strangers on a Train"
The Maltese Falcon
This Gun For Hire
The Glass Key
The Blue Dahlia
The Lady from Shanghai
Scarlet Street
Force of Evil
The Third Man
Murder, My Sweet
The Long Goodbye
The Big Sleep
Leave Her to Heaven
The Woman in the Window
The Letter
The Postman Always Rings Twice
The Killers
"Touch of Evil"
Out of the Past
They Live by Night
Gun Crazy
Shadow of a Doubt
Sweet Smell of Success
"Double Indemnity"
"Sin City"

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She was sitting in the hotel lobby
Perched in a velvet chair

Her head leaned to one side, she exhaled
Swirls of cigarette smoke, a gray scarf unraveling
toward the ceiling above her

I walked slowly in her direction
As she regarded me cautiously
Peering over dark glasses
her Crimson lips formed into a straight line

Looking for someone?
She whispered
As though the conversation might be overheard

No, I offered, trying to appear disinterested
Not just anyone

Good, she purred
Extending her right hand and a Cheshire grin

                                                                                                      I’m Delia, and I’m not just anyone

Later events would prove that to be an understatement




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