GEO stands for Geosynchronous Earth Orbit, aka GSO aka Clarke Orbit, cf LEO. As such it is a bit redundant, as Geo refers to the earth, see Geoid; as does Earth.

It is the orbit above the equator rotating in the same direction as the earth that takes exactly one sidereal day to rotate; this means an object placed there does not move relative to the earths surface. This is used extensively for Satellite communications, especially television.

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