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The Indian Heath Service (IHS) was originally a subpart of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) that was in charge of providing medical attention to Indian Reservations. It is now an agency within the US Dept. of Health and Human Services.

In 1975 it was discovered that the IHS was conducting a secret program of involuntary sterilization that had affected about 40 percent of all Indian women. The program was supposedly shut down and the control of the IHS moved from the BIA to the Public Heath Service. Nobody was punished.

In 1990 it was found out that the IHS was inoculating, Inuit children in Alaska with Hepatitis-B vaccine. This particular vaccine was banned by the World Health Organization because it demonstrated a correlation with HIV.

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