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A chronological list of the reigns of all 31 dynasties of Egyptian pharaohs.

Early Dynastic Period
Dynasty '0' (3150-3050 BCE)

Dynasty 1 (3050-2890 BCE)
  • Hor-Aha
  • Djer
  • Djet
  • Den
  • Anedjib
  • Semerkhet
  • Qa'a
Dynasty 2 (2890-2686 BCE)

Old Kingdom
Dynasty 3 (2686-2613 BCE)

  • Sanakhte
  • Djoser
  • Sekhemkhet
  • Khaba
  • Huni
Dynasty 4 (2613-2498 BCE) Dynasty 5 (2498-2345 BCE)
  • Userkaf
  • Sahure
  • Neferirkare
  • Shepseskare
  • Neferefre
  • Niuserre
  • Menkauhor
  • Djedkare
  • Unas
Dynasty 6 (2345-2181 BCE)

First Intermediate Period
Dynasties 7 & 8 (2181-2160 BCE)

Dynasties 9 & 10 (2160-2040 BCE)

Middle Kingdom
Dynasty 11 (2134-1991 BCE)

Dynasty 12 (1991-1782 BCE)
  • Amenemhet I
  • Senusret I
  • Amenemhet II
  • Senusret II
  • Senusret III
  • Amenemhet III
  • Amenemhet IV
  • Queen Sobeknefru

Second Intermediate Period
Dynasty 13 (1782-1570 BCE)

  • Wegaf
  • Ameny Intef IV
  • Hor
  • Sobekhotep II
  • Khendjer
  • Sobekhotep III
  • Neferhotep I
  • Sobekhotep IV
  • Ay
  • Neferhotep II
Dynasty 14
  • Nehesy
Dynasty 15 (Hyskos) (1663-1555 BCE)
  • Sheshi
  • Yakubher
  • Khyan
  • Apepi I
  • Apepi II
Dynasty 16 (1663-1555 BCE)
  • Anather
  • Yakobaam
Dynasty 17 (1663-1570 BCE)
  • Sobekemsaf I
  • Sobekemsaf II
  • Intef VII
  • Tao I
  • Tao II
  • Kamose

New Kingdom
Dynasty 18 (1570-1293 BCE)

Dynasty 19 (1293-1185 BCE) Dynasty 20 (1185-1070 BCE)

Third Intermediate Period
High Priests (at Thebes) (1080-945 BCE)

  • Herihor
  • Piankh
  • Pinedjem I
  • Masaherta
  • Menkheperre
  • Smendes II
  • Pinedjem II
  • Psusennes ?III?
Dynasty 21 (at Tanis) (1069-945 BCE)
  • Smendes I
  • Amenemnisu
  • Psusennes I
  • Amenemope
  • Osorkon the Elder
  • Siamun
  • Psusennes II
Dynasty 22 (Libyan or Bubastite, at Tanis)
  • Sheshonq I
  • Osorkon I
  • Sheshonq II
  • Takelot I
  • Osorkon II
  • Takelot II
  • Sheshonq III
  • Pami
  • Sheshonq V
  • Osorkon IV
  • Harsiese (at Thebes)
Dynasty 23 (Libyan anarchy, at Leontopolis) (818-715 BCE) Dynasty 24 (at Sais) (727-715 BCE)
  • Tefnakht
  • Bakenrenef (Bocchoris)
Dynasty 25 (Nubian/Kushite) (747-656 BCE)
  • Piankhi (Piyi)
  • Shabaka
  • Shebitku
  • Taharqa
  • Tanutamun
Dynasty 26 (Saite) (664-525 BCE)
  • Psamtik I (Psammetichus I)
  • Nekau (Necho)
  • Psamtik II (Psammetichus II)
  • Wahibre (Apries)
  • Ahmose II (Amasis)
  • Psamtik III (Psammetichus III)

Late Period
Dynasty 27 (First Persian Period) (525-404 BCE)

Dynasty 28 (404-399 BCE)
  • Amyrtaeus
Dynasty 29 (399-380 BCE)
  • Nefaarud I (Nepherites I)
  • Hakor (Achoris)
Dynasty 30 (380-343 BCE)
  • Nakhtnebef (Nectanebo I)
  • Djedhor (Teos)
  • Nakhthoreb (Nectanebo II)
Dynasty 31 (Second Persian Period) (343-332 BCE)
  • Artaxerxes III
  • Arses
  • Darius III

Later rulers, such as the Ptolemys (including Cleopatra VII) are considered post-dynastic, Greco-Roman rulers, and so are not included.


Clayton, Peter A. Chronicle of the Pharaohs. Thames & Hudson, 1994.

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