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Roger II., King of Sicily, second son of the preceding; born in 1096. By the Anti-Pope Anacletus in 1130 he was honored with the title of king. In spite of revolts of the barons, and through the German emperor and the Greek emperor were leagued against him, and Innocent II. excommunicated him, he defended himself with success and defeated the Pope's forces at Galluzzo, taking Innocent prisoner. Peace was made, the Pope annulled all excommunication against Roger, and recognized his title of king. He died in 1154.

Entry from Everybody's Cyclopedia, 1912.

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