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Sakhalin, a long island in the North Pacific, separated from Manchuria by the Gulf of Tartary, opposite the mouth of the Amur; area, 24,560 sq. m. The center rises from 2,000 to 5,000 ft. in three parallel N. to S. ridges. In 1875 Japan was compelled to cede it to Russia, but in 1905 regained the southern half to 50 degrees N. latitude after the Russo-Japanese War.

Entry from Everybody's Cyclopedia, 1912.

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