The ezâfe is a short e vowel in Persian which joins a noun to a following word. It has three functions:

  1. Adjectival: mard-e-khub = 'good man'
  2. Apposition: mard-e-dustam = 'my friend, the man'
  3. Genitive: asb-e-mard = 'the man's horse'

Being a short vowel, it is not written at all in the Arabic script used for Persian.

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