Ian Fleming was an English writer, known mainly for his James Bond novels. He was a friend of Noel Coward, lived in Jamaica in house called Goldeneye (inspiration for the 1995 Bond film title) and had been involved in British Intelligence during the Second World War as an officer in the Royal Naval Reserve. While on detachment to America, he co-wrote the charter of the OSS (Office of Strategic Studies) which was the predecessor to the CIA.