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30:1 And it came to pass, when David and his men were come to Ziklag on the third day, that the Amalekites had invaded the south, and Ziklag, and smitten Ziklag, and burned it with fire; 30:2 And had taken the women captives, that were therein: they slew not any, either great or small, but carried them away, and went on their way.
30:3 So David and his men came to the city, and, behold, it was burned with fire; and their wives, and their sons, and their daughters, were taken captives.
30:4 Then David and the people that were with him lifted up their voice and wept, until they had no more power to weep.
30:5 And David's two wives were taken captives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite.
30:6 And David was greatly distressed; for the people spake of stoning him, because the soul of all the people was grieved, every man for his sons and for his daughters: but David encouraged himself in the LORD his God.
30:7 And David said to Abiathar the priest, Ahimelech's son, I pray thee, bring me hither the ephod. And Abiathar brought thither the ephod to David.
30:8 And David enquired at the LORD, saying, Shall I pursue after this troop? shall I overtake them? And he answered him, Pursue: for thou shalt surely overtake them, and without fail recover all.
30:9 So David went, he and the six hundred men that were with him, and came to the brook Besor, where those that were left behind stayed.
30:10 But David pursued, he and four hundred men: for two hundred abode behind, which were so faint that they could not go over the brook Besor.
30:11 And they found an Egyptian in the field, and brought him to David, and gave him bread, and he did eat; and they made him drink water; 30:12 And they gave him a piece of a cake of figs, and two clusters of raisins: and when he had eaten, his spirit came again to him: for he had eaten no bread, nor drunk any water, three days and three nights.
30:13 And David said unto him, To whom belongest thou? and whence art thou? And he said, I am a young man of Egypt, servant to an Amalekite; and my master left me, because three days agone I fell sick.
30:14 We made an invasion upon the south of the Cherethites, and upon the coast which belongeth to Judah, and upon the south of Caleb; and we burned Ziklag with fire.
30:15 And David said to him, Canst thou bring me down to this company? And he said, Swear unto me by God, that thou wilt neither kill me, nor deliver me into the hands of my master, and I will bring thee down to this company.
30:16 And when he had brought him down, behold, they were spread abroad upon all the earth, eating and drinking, and dancing, because of all the great spoil that they had taken out of the land of the Philistines, and out of the land of Judah.
30:17 And David smote them from the twilight even unto the evening of the next day: and there escaped not a man of them, save four hundred young men, which rode upon camels, and fled.
30:18 And David recovered all that the Amalekites had carried away: and David rescued his two wives.
30:19 And there was nothing lacking to them, neither small nor great, neither sons nor daughters, neither spoil, nor any thing that they had taken to them: David recovered all.
30:20 And David took all the flocks and the herds, which they drave before those other cattle, and said, This is David's spoil.
30:21 And David came to the two hundred men, which were so faint that they could not follow David, whom they had made also to abide at the brook Besor: and they went forth to meet David, and to meet the people that were with him: and when David came near to the people, he saluted them.
30:22 Then answered all the wicked men and men of Belial, of those that went with David, and said, Because they went not with us, we will not give them ought of the spoil that we have recovered, save to every man his wife and his children, that they may lead them away, and depart.
30:23 Then said David, Ye shall not do so, my brethren, with that which the LORD hath given us, who hath preserved us, and delivered the company that came against us into our hand.
30:24 For who will hearken unto you in this matter? but as his part is that goeth down to the battle, so shall his part be that tarrieth by the stuff: they shall part alike.
30:25 And it was so from that day forward, that he made it a statute and an ordinance for Israel unto this day.
30:26 And when David came to Ziklag, he sent of the spoil unto the elders of Judah, even to his friends, saying, Behold a present for you of the spoil of the enemies of the LORD; 30:27 To them which were in Bethel, and to them which were in south Ramoth, and to them which were in Jattir, 30:28 And to them which were in Aroer, and to them which were in Siphmoth, and to them which were in Eshtemoa, 30:29 And to them which were in Rachal, and to them which were in the cities of the Jerahmeelites, and to them which were in the cities of the Kenites, 30:30 And to them which were in Hormah, and to them which were in Chorashan, and to them which were in Athach, 30:31 And to them which were in Hebron, and to all the places where David himself and his men were wont to haunt.

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Everything King James Bible:1 Samuel
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible
back to: 1 Samuel
Book: 1 Samuel
Chapter: 30

Ziklag spoiled By the Amalekites. (1-6) David overtakes the
Amalekites. (7-15) He recovers what had been lost. (16-20)
David's distribution of the spoil. (21-31)

1-6 When we go abroad in the way of our duty, we may
comfortably Hope that God will take care of our families in our
absence, but not otherwise. If, when we come off a Journey, we
find our abode in peace, and not laid waste, as David here found
his, let the Lord be praised for it. David's men murmured
against him. Great Faith must expect such severe trials. But,
observe, that David was brought thus low, only just before he
was raised to the Throne. When things are at the worst with the
Church and people of God, then they begin to mend. David
encouraged himself in the Lord his God. His men fretted at their
loss, the soul of the people was Bitter; their own discontent
and impatience added to the affliction and misery. But David
bore it better, though he had more reason than any of them to
lament it. They gave liberty to their passions, but he set his
graces to work; and while they dispirited each other, he, By
encouraging himself in God, kept his Spirit calm. Those who have
taken the Lord for their God, may take encouragement from him in
the worst times.

7-15 If in all our ways, even when, as in this case, there can
be No doubt they are just, we acknowledge God, we may expect
that he will direct our steps, as he did those of David. David,
in tenderness to his men, would By No means urge them Beyond
their strength. The Son of David thus considers the frames of
his followers, who are not all alike strong and vigorous in
their spiritual pursuits and conflicts; but, where we are weak,
there he is kind; nay more, there he is strong, 2Co 12:9,10. A
Poor Egyptian lad, scarcely alive, is made the means of a great
Deal of good to David. Justly did Providence make this Poor
servant, who was basely used By his master, an instrument in the
Destruction of the Amalekites; for God hears the cry of the
oppressed. Those are unworthy the name of true Israelites, who
shut up their compassion from persons in distress. We should
neither do an injury nor deny a kindness to any Man; some time
or other it may be in the power of the lowest to return a
kindness or an injury.

16-20 Sinners are nearest to ruin, when they cry, Peace and
safety, and Put the evil Day far from them. Nor does any thing
give our spiritual enemies more advantage than sensuality and
indulgence. Eating and drinking, and dancing, have been the soft
and pleasant way in which many have gone down to the
Congregation of the dead. The spoil was recovered, and brought
off; nothing was lost, but a great Deal gained.

21-31 What God gives us, he designs we should do good with. In
distributing the spoil, David was just and kind. Those are men
of Belial indeed, who delight in putting hardships upon their
brethren, and care not who is starved, So that they may be fed
to the full. David was generous and kind to all his friends.
Those who consider the Lord as the Giver of their abundance,
will dispose of it with fairness and liberality.

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