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14:1 And it came to pass in the days of Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of nations; 14:2 That these made war with Bera king of Sodom, and with Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, and Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela, which is Zoar.
14:3 All these were joined together in the vale of Siddim, which is the salt sea.
14:4 Twelve years they served Chedorlaomer, and in the thirteenth year they rebelled.
14:5 And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer, and the kings that were with him, and smote the Rephaims in Ashteroth Karnaim, and the Zuzims in Ham, and the Emins in Shaveh Kiriathaim, 14:6 And the Horites in their mount Seir, unto Elparan, which is by the wilderness.
14:7 And they returned, and came to Enmishpat, which is Kadesh, and smote all the country of the Amalekites, and also the Amorites, that dwelt in Hazezontamar.
14:8 And there went out the king of Sodom, and the king of Gomorrah, and the king of Admah, and the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (the same is Zoar;) and they joined battle with them in the vale of Siddim; 14:9 With Chedorlaomer the king of Elam, and with Tidal king of nations, and Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar; four kings with five.
14:10 And the vale of Siddim was full of slimepits; and the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and fell there; and they that remained fled to the mountain.
14:11 And they took all the goods of Sodom and Gomorrah, and all their victuals, and went their way.
14:12 And they took Lot, Abram's brother's son, who dwelt in Sodom, and his goods, and departed.
14:13 And there came one that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew; for he dwelt in the plain of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol, and brother of Aner: and these were confederate with Abram.
14:14 And when Abram heard that his brother was taken captive, he armed his trained servants, born in his own house, three hundred and eighteen, and pursued them unto Dan.
14:15 And he divided himself against them, he and his servants, by night, and smote them, and pursued them unto Hobah, which is on the left hand of Damascus.
14:16 And he brought back all the goods, and also brought again his brother Lot, and his goods, and the women also, and the people.
14:17 And the king of Sodom went out to meet him after his return from the slaughter of Chedorlaomer, and of the kings that were with him, at the valley of Shaveh, which is the king's dale.
14:18 And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God.
14:19 And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth: 14:20 And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all.
14:21 And the king of Sodom said unto Abram, Give me the persons, and take the goods to thyself.
14:22 And Abram said to the king of Sodom, I have lift up mine hand unto the LORD, the most high God, the possessor of heaven and earth, 14:23 That I will not take from a thread even to a shoelatchet, and that I will not take any thing that is thine, lest thou shouldest say, I have made Abram rich: 14:24 Save only that which the young men have eaten, and the portion of the men which went with me, Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre; let them take their portion.

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King James Bible:Genesis
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible
back to: Genesis
Book: Genesis
Chapter: 14

The battle of the Kings, Lot is taken prisoner. (1-12) Abram
rescues Lot. (13-16) Melchizedek blesses Abram. (17-20) Abram
restores the spoil. (21-24)

1-12 The wars of nations make great figure in history, but we
should not have had the record of this War if Abram and Lot had
not been concerned. Out of Covetousness, Lot had settled in
fruitful, but wicked Sodom. Its inhabitants were the most ripe
for vengeance of all the descendants of Canaan. The invaders
were from Chaldea and Persia, then only small kingdoms. They
took Lot among the Rest, and his goods. Though he was righteous,
and Abram's Brother's son, yet he was with the Rest in this
trouble. Neither our own Piety, nor our relation to the
favourites of Heaven, will be our security when God's judgments
are abroad. Many an honest Man fares the worse for his wicked
neighbours: it is our Wisdom to separate, or at least to
distinguish ourselves from them, 2Co 6:17. So near a relation
of Abram should have been a companion and a Disciple of Abram.
If he chose to Dwell in Sodom, he must thank himself if he share
in Sodom's losses. When we go out of the way of our duty, we Put
ourselves from under God's protection, and cannot expect that
the choice made By our lusts, should End to our comfort. They
took Lot's goods; it is just with God to deprive us of
enjoyments, By which we suffer ourselves to be deprived of the
enjoyment of him.

13-16 Abram takes this opportunity to give a real proof of his
being truly friendly to Lot. We ought to be ready to succour
those in distress, especially relations and friends. And though
others may have been wanting in their duty to us, yet we must
not neglect our duty to them. Abram rescued the captives. As we
have opportunity, we must do good to all.

17-20 Melchizedek is spoken of as a King of Salem, supposed to
be the place afterwards called Jerusalem, and it is generally
thought that he was only a Man. The words of the Apostle, Heb
7:3, state only, that the sacred history has said nothing of
his ancestors. The silence of the Scriptures On this, is to
raise our thoughts to Him, whose Generation cannot be declared.
Bread and Wine were suitable refreshment for the weary followers
of Abram; and it is remarkable that Christ appointed the same as
the memorials of his body and Blood, which are meat and Drink
indeed to the soul. Melchizedek blessed Abram from God. He
blessed God from Abram. We ought to give thanks for other's
mercies as for our own. Jesus Christ, our great High Priest, is
the Mediator both of our prayers and praises, and not only
offers up ours, but his own for us. Abram gave him the tenth of
the spoils, Heb 7:4. When we have received some great Mercy
from God, it is very fit we should express our thankfulness By
some special act of pious Charity. Jesus Christ, our great
Melchizedek, is to have homage done him, and to be humbly
acknowledged as our King and Priest; not only the Tithe of all,
but all we have, must be given up to him.

21-24 Observe the King of Sodom's grateful offer to Abram, Give
me the souls, and take thou the substance. Gratitude teaches us
to recompense to the utmost of our power, those that have
undergone fatigues, run hazards, and been at expense for our
service and benefit. Abram generously refused this offer. He
accompanies his refusal with a good reason, Lest thou shouldest
say, I have made Abram rich: which would reflect upon the
promise and Covenant of God, as if He would not have
enriched Abraham without the spoils of Sodom. The people of God
must, for their credit's sake, take heed of doing any thing that
looks mean or mercenary, or that savours of Covetousness and
self-seeking. Abraham can trust the Possessor of Heaven and
Earth to provide for him.

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