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39:1 And Joseph was brought down to Egypt; and Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh, captain of the guard, an Egyptian, bought him of the hands of the Ishmeelites, which had brought him down thither.
39:2 And the LORD was with Joseph, and he was a prosperous man; and he was in the house of his master the Egyptian.
39:3 And his master saw that the LORD was with him, and that the LORD made all that he did to prosper in his hand.
39:4 And Joseph found grace in his sight, and he served him: and he made him overseer over his house, and all that he had he put into his hand.
39:5 And it came to pass from the time that he had made him overseer in his house, and over all that he had, that the LORD blessed the Egyptian's house for Joseph's sake; and the blessing of the LORD was upon all that he had in the house, and in the field.
39:6 And he left all that he had in Joseph's hand; and he knew not ought he had, save the bread which he did eat. And Joseph was a goodly person, and well favoured.
39:7 And it came to pass after these things, that his master's wife cast her eyes upon Joseph; and she said, Lie with me.
39:8 But he refused, and said unto his master's wife, Behold, my master wotteth not what is with me in the house, and he hath committed all that he hath to my hand; 39:9 There is none greater in this house than I; neither hath he kept back any thing from me but thee, because thou art his wife: how then can I do this great wickedness, and sin against God? 39:10 And it came to pass, as she spake to Joseph day by day, that he hearkened not unto her, to lie by her, or to be with her.
39:11 And it came to pass about this time, that Joseph went into the house to do his business; and there was none of the men of the house there within.
39:12 And she caught him by his garment, saying, Lie with me: and he left his garment in her hand, and fled, and got him out.
39:13 And it came to pass, when she saw that he had left his garment in her hand, and was fled forth, 39:14 That she called unto the men of her house, and spake unto them, saying, See, he hath brought in an Hebrew unto us to mock us; he came in unto me to lie with me, and I cried with a loud voice: 39:15 And it came to pass, when he heard that I lifted up my voice and cried, that he left his garment with me, and fled, and got him out.
39:16 And she laid up his garment by her, until his lord came home.
39:17 And she spake unto him according to these words, saying, The Hebrew servant, which thou hast brought unto us, came in unto me to mock me: 39:18 And it came to pass, as I lifted up my voice and cried, that he left his garment with me, and fled out.
39:19 And it came to pass, when his master heard the words of his wife, which she spake unto him, saying, After this manner did thy servant to me; that his wrath was kindled.
39:20 And Joseph's master took him, and put him into the prison, a place where the king's prisoners were bound: and he was there in the prison.
39:21 But the LORD was with Joseph, and shewed him mercy, and gave him favour in the sight of the keeper of the prison.
39:22 And the keeper of the prison committed to Joseph's hand all the prisoners that were in the prison; and whatsoever they did there, he was the doer of it.
39:23 The keeper of the prison looked not to any thing that was under his hand; because the LORD was with him, and that which he did, the LORD made it to prosper.

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King James Bible:Genesis
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible
back to: Genesis
Book: Genesis
Chapter: 39

Joseph preferred By Potiphar. (1-6) Joseph resists Temptation.
(7-12) Joseph is falsely accused By his mistress. (13-18) He is
cast into Prison, God is with him there. (19-23)

1-6 Our enemies may strip us of outward distinctions and
ornaments; but Wisdom and Grace cannot be taken from us. They
may separate us from friends, relatives, and country; but they
cannot take from us the presence of the Lord. They may shut us
from outward blessings, rob us of liberty, and confine us in
dungeons; but they cannot shut us out from Communion with God,
from the Throne of Grace, or take from us the blessings of
Salvation. Joseph was blessed, wonderfully blessed, even in the
House where he was a Slave. God's presence with us, makes all we
do prosperous. Good men are the blessings of the place where
they live; good servants may be So, though mean and lightly
esteemed. The prosperity of the wicked is, one way or other, for
the sake of the godly. Here was a wicked family blessed for the
sake of one good servant in it.

7-12 Beauty either in men or women, often proves a Snare both
to themselves and others. This forbids pride in it, and requires
constant watchfulness against the Temptation that attends it. We
have great need to make a Covenant with our eyes, lest the eyes
infect the Heart. When Lust has got power, decency, and
reputation, and Conscience, are all sacrificed. Potiphar's Wife
showed that her Heart was fully set to do evil. Satan, when he
found he could not overcome Joseph with the troubles and the
frowns of the world, for in them he still held Fast his
principle, assaulted him with pleasures, which have ruined more
than the former. But Joseph, By the Grace of God, was enabled to
resist and overcome this Temptation; and his escape was as great
an instance of the Divine power, as the deliverance of the three
children out of the fiery Furnace. This Sin was one which might
most easily beset him. The tempter was his mistress, one whose
favour would help him forward; and it was at his utmost peril if
he slighted her, and made her his enemy. The time and place
favoured the Temptation. To all this was added frequent,
constant urging. The almighty Grace of God enabled Joseph to
overcome this assault of the enemy. He urges what he owed both
to God and his master. We are bound in honour, as Well as
Justice and gratitude, not in any thing to wrong those who place
trust in us, how secretly soever it may be done. He would not
offend his God. Three arguments Joseph urges upon himself. 1. He
considers who he was that was tempted. One in Covenant with God,
who professed religion and relation to him. 2. What the Sin was
to which he was tempted. Others might look upon it as a small
matter; but Joseph did not So think of it. Call Sin By its own
name, and never lessen it. Let sins of this nature always be
looked upon as great wickedness, as exceedingly sinful. 3.
Against whom he was tempted to Sin, against God. Sin is against
God, against his nature and his dominion, against his Love and
his design. Those that Love God, for this reason hate Sin. The
Grace of God enabled Joseph to overcome the Temptation, By
avoiding the temper. He would not stay to parley with the
Temptation, but fled from it, as escaping for his Life. If we
mean not to do iniquity, let us flee as a Bird from the Snare,
and as a Roe from the hunter.

13-18 Joseph's mistress, having tried in vain to make him a
guilty Man, endeavoured to be avenged On him. Those that have
broken the bonds of modesty, will never be held By the bonds of
Truth. It is No new thing for the best of men to be falsely
accused of the worst of crimes, By those who themselves are the
worst of criminals. It is Well there is a Day of discovery
coming, in which all shall appear in their true characters.

19-23 Joseph's master believed the accusation. Potiphar, it is
likely, chose that Prison, because it was the worst; but God
designed to open the way to Joseph's honour. Joseph was owned
and righted By his God. He was away from all his friends and
relations; he had none to help or comfort him; but the Lord was
with Joseph, and showed him Mercy. Those that have a good
Conscience in a Prison, have a good God there. God gave him
favour in the sight of the keeper of the Prison; he trusted him
to manage the affairs of the Prison. A good Man will do good
wherever he is, and will be a blessing even in bonds and
banishment. Let us not forget, through Joseph, to look unto
Jesus, who suffered being tempted, yet without Sin; who was
slandered, and persecuted, and imprisoned, but without cause;
who By the Cross ascended to the Throne. May we be enabled to
follow the same path in submitting and in suffering, to the same
place of Glory.

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