display | more...
The last Bey of Tunis (1943-1956), and the first head of state of modern independent Tunisia (1956-1957). A member of the Husseinid Dynasty, founded by the Hussein who became bey of Tunis under the Turks in 1705, Muhammad VIII was the son of Bey Muhammad VI al-Habib (1922-1929), who had been succeeded by his cousin and then another distant relative, Muhammad VII al-Munsif. Muhammad VIII deposed Muhammad VII in 1943.

He became nominal ruler of the Kingdom of Tunisia when France granted full independence to Tunisia on 29 March 1956, but real power lay with prime minister Habib Bourguiba, who on 25 July 1957 abolished the monarchy and made himself president. Bey Muhammad VIII al-Amin died in 1962.

Tunisia - Habib Bourguiba >

Log in or register to write something here or to contact authors.