One of the four models of employment
and social welfare
adopted by countries OECD
, as identified in a typography
developed by Belgian economist André Sapir
. Countries with 'Rhineland model' policies include Austria
. Another term used to describe these countries is the continental social partnership model.
These countries typically have:
unemployment benefits and easy to access government payments.
early retirement wages.
high taxation, although not as high as in Nordic model countries.
strong trade unions that variably lead to high labour protection (such as in France) and/or high wages (such as in Germany).
Rhineland model countries are reasonably successful in mitigating poverty, yet nevertheless are blighted with high unemployment, especially in terms of job creation. Socially the model is fractious, splitting highly taxed workers ('insiders') against a growing population of welfare recipients ('outsiders'), who despite being adequately cared for by the state may lack a measure of social inclusion that employment provides.