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In chess, an "advantage" refers to a situation in which one player is in a stronger position compared to the other player. A player with a slight advantage is said to be "better." A player with an large advantage, or multiple types of slight advantage, is said to be "winning." A player with a massive advantage or series of advantages is said to be "crushing." Advantages in chess can and often are measured in approximate pawn equivalents.

There are three main types of advantages:

1. Material advantage - this refers to one player having more and/or better pieces than the other player.

2. Positional advantage - this refers to one player having their pieces placed in a better position or formation compared to the other player.

3. Time advantage - this refers to one player having the initiative and thus being able to dictate the pace and nature of play. See tempo.

Ad*van"tage (?; 61, 48), n. [OE. avantage, avauntage, F. avantage, fr. avant before. See Advance, and cf. Vantage.]

1.

Any condition, circumstance, opportunity, or means, particularly favorable to success, or to any desired end; benefit; as, the enemy had the advantage of a more elevated position.

Give me advantage of some brief discourse. Shak.

The advantages of a close alliance. Macaulay.

2.

Superiority; mastery; -- with of or over.

Lest Satan should get an advantage of us. 2 Cor. ii. 11.

3.

Superiority of state, or that which gives it; benefit; gain; profit; as, the advantage of a good constitution.

4.

Interest of money; increase; overplus (as the thirteenth in the baker's dozen).

[Obs.]

And with advantage means to pay thy love. Shak.

Advantage ground, vantage ground. [R.] Clarendon. -- To have the advantage of (any one), to have a personal knowledge of one who does not have a reciprocal knowledge. "You have the advantage of me; I don't remember ever to have had the honor." Sheridan. -- To take advantage of, to profit by; (often used in a bad sense) to overreach, to outwit.

Syn. -- Advantage, Advantageous, Benefit, Beneficial. We speak of a thing as a benefit, or as beneficial, when it is simply productive of good; as, the benefits of early discipline; the beneficial effects of adversity. We speak of a thing as an advantage, or as advantageous, when it affords us the means of getting forward, and places us on a "vantage ground" for further effort. Hence, there is a difference between the benefits and the advantages of early education; between a beneficial and an advantageous investment of money.

 

© Webster 1913.


Ad*van"tage, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Advantaged (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Advantaging (#).] [F. avantager, fr. avantage. See Advance.]

To give an advantage to; to further; to promote; to benefit; to profit.

The truth is, the archbishop's own stiffness and averseness to comply with the court designs, advantaged his adversaries against him. Fuller.

What is a man advantaged, if he gain the whole world, and lose himself, or be cast away? Luke ix. 25.

To advantage one's self of, to avail one's self of. [Obs.]

 

© Webster 1913.

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