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Here is a list of many commonly used medicinal plants:

Agrimony (Agrimonia eupatoria)
Uses: Astringent, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, hemostatic (stops bleeding), analgesic, and promotes bile flow, tonic

Aloe (Aloe Vera)
Uses: Emollient, purgative, vulnerary, tonic, demulcent, vermifuge, antifungal, emmenagogue

Balm (Melissa officinalis)
Common names: Balm mint, Dropsy plant, Garden balm, Lemon balm, Melissa, Sweet balm
Uses: Antispasmodic, calmative, carminative, diaphoretic, emmenagogue, stomachic, febrifuge, sedative, antidepressant, nervine

Basil (Ocimum bacilicum)
Uses: Antispasmodic, antidepressant, antiseptic, stimulant, tonic, febrifuge, diaphoretic, nervine, antibacterial, expectorant, appetizer, carminative, galactagogue, stomachic

Bayberry (Myrica cerifera)
Uses: Stimulant, astringent, emetic, antispasmodic, alterative, expectorant, diaphoretic, tonic. Leaves - aromatic, stimulant

Belladonna (Belladonna atropa)
Common names: Deadly nightshade
Uses: Antispasmodic, diuretic, narcotic, sedative, pupil dialator, poison(!)

Betony (Stachys officinalis)
Uses: Anthelmintic, astringent, carminative, diuretic, expectorant, vulnerary

Birthwort (Aristolochia clematitis)
Uses: Diaphoretic, emmenagogue, febrifuge, oxytocic, stimulant

Blackberry (Rubus villosus, Rubus fructicosus)
Uses: Astringent (leaves and roots), hemostatic, nutritive, refrigerant, tonic

Black Cohosh (Cimicifuga racemosa)
Common names: Black snakeroot, Cimicifuga, Snakeroot, Squawroot
Uses: Astringent, diuretic, alterative, diaphoretic, emmenagogue (starts menstrual flow), expectorant, antirheumatic, antispasmodic, cardiac stimulant (safer than digitalis), anti-inflammatory, sedative, antitussive, uterine stimulant

Blue Cohosh (Caulophyllum thalictroides)
Common names: Papoose root, Squaw root
Uses: Stimulant, sedative, sudorific (produces sweat), tonic, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatic, parturient, emmenagogue (stimulates menstrual flow), anthelmintic (destroys intestinal worms), demulcent, diaphoretic, diuretic, oxytocic (stimulates uterine contractions)

Burdock (Arctium lappa)
Common names: Burr, Niu Bang Zi (Chinese)
Uses: Cleansing, mildly siuretic, antibiotic, antiseptic

Catnip (Nepeta cataria)
Common names: Catmint
Uses: Anodyne, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac (for cats), aromatic, carminative, diaphoretic, nervine, emmenagogue, sedative (for humans), stimulant, tonic

Cayenne (Capsicum frutescens, Capsicum minimum)
Common names: Africa pepper, African red pepper, American pepper, American red pepper, Capsicum, Chili pepper, Chilies, Red pepper, Spanish pepper, Zanzibar pepper
Uses: Appetizer, antiseptic, febrifue, antibacterial, carminative, diaphoretic, rubefacient, condiment, nerve tonic, digestive, irritant, sialagogue (stimulates secretion of saliva), stimulant, and tonic (cayenne is usually mixed with other herbs in medicinal doses)

Chamomile (Anthemis nobilis (Roman), Chamomilla recutita, Matricaria chamomilla (German), Matricaria recutita)
Common names: Roman chamomile, True chamomile
Chamomilla recutita or Matricaria recutita or Matricaria chamomilla: False chamomile, German chamomile
Anthemis nobilis: Stimulant, bitter tonic, aromatic, emmenagogue (promotes menstrual flow), anodyne, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, diaphoretic, carminative, nervine, analgesic, emetic, stomachic.
Chamomilla recutita or Matricaria recutita or Matricaria chamomilla: Calmative, antispasmodic, anodyne, diaphoretic, emmenagogue, carminative, nervine

Dog Rose (Rosa canina)
Common names: Brier rose, Hip rose, Hogseed, Sweet brier, Wild brier, Wild rose Uses: Astringent, carminative, diuretic, tonic. Dog rose hips (fruit) contains high levels of vitamins including vitamin C.

Echinacea (Echinacea Angustifolia, Echinacea Purpurea, & Echinacea Pallida)
Common names: Purple coneflower
Uses: Alterative, antibacterial, antiviral, analgesic, digestive, tonic, antiseptic, depurative, febrifuge, sialagogue, diaphoretic, immune stimulant

Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus)
Uses: Antiseptic, astringent, tonic, antispasmodic, deodorant, expectorant, stimulant, antibiotic, rubefacient, febrifuge

Feverfew (Chrysanthemum Parthenium)
Uses: Carminative (gas relief), emmenagogue (promotes menstrual flow), purgative (strong laxative), stimulant, bitter tonic, antipyretic (reduces fever), aperient (mild laxative), anti-inflammatory, vermifuge

Flax (Linum usitatissimum)
Uses: Antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, anti-tussive, demulcent, emollient, laxative, mucilaginous, pectoral, purgative, tonic

Garlic (Allium sativum)
Uses: Alterative, anthelmintic, antispasmodic, carminative, cholagogue, digestive, expectorant, febrifuge, strongly antibiotic, antiseptic, stimulant

Ginger (Zingiber officinale)
Uses: Antispasmodic, antiemetic, analgesic, antiseptic, appetizer, aromatic, carminative, condiment, diaphoretic, expectorant, febrifuge, pungent, sialagogue, stimulant

Ginkgo (Ginkgo Biloba)
Seeds: astringent, expectorant, sedative, antitussive, anti-fungal, antibacterial
Leaves: relax blood vessels, circulatory stimulant

Ginsing (Panax quinquefolium)
Uses: Demulcent, tonic, alterative, stimulant, carminative, stomachic, nervine, aphrodisiac

Goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis)
Uses: Laxative, tonic, alterative, antipyretic, antibacterial, detergent (an agent that cleanses boils, ulcers, stops bleeding, wounds, etc.), ophthalmicum(remedy for diseases of the eye), antiperiodic (prevents the periodic recurrence of attacks of a disease; as in malaria), aperient (mild or gentle laxative), diuretic, antiseptic, and deobstruent (removes obstructions by opening the natural passages or pores of the body)

Hawthorn (Crataegus oxyacantha) Uses: Astringent, antispasmodic, cardiac tonic, carminative, diuretic, sedative, stimulant, vasodilator

Hops (Humulus lupulus)
Uses: Anodyne (relieves pain), anthelmintic, diuretic, febrifuge, hypnotic, nervine, sedative, soporific, tonic, anaphrodisiac, stomachic

That's it for now, I will add more herbs and info soon. Please /msg me if you would like to see info on a particular herb.

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