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Grand Khans (Kaghans)

    1. Genghis Khan (begins life as Temujin) 1206-1227

      1206 - Temujin unites the Mongol tribes and takes the name "Genghis Khan" ("ruler to the seas")
      1211-1216 - Jurchins attacked
      1218 - Khitans conquered
      1219-1222 - Conquest of Transoxania
      1226-1227 - Xixia conquered
      1227 - Genghis Khan dies on campaign against the Xixia. His domains are divided among his sons Chagatai (Afghanistan and Persia), Ogedei (Inner Mongolia), and Tolui (Outer Mongolia), and his grandsons, Batu and Orda (Russian Steppes).

    2. Tolui (regent) 1227-1229
    3. Ogodei Khan 1229-1241

      1230-1234 - Jurchins conquered

    4. Toregene Khatun (Dowager regent) 1241-1246
    5. Guyuk Khan 1246-1248
    6. Oghul Ghaymish (regent) 1248-1251
    7. Mongke Khan 1251-1259

      1257 - Southern Song Dynasty invaded

    8. Kublai Khan 1260-1294

      1267-1279 - Song Dynasty conquered
Khans of the Yuan Dynasty (China)
    1. Kublai Khan (Shizu) 1271-1294

      1271 - Kublai Khan declares the Yuan Dynasty
      1274 - First mongol invasion of Japan
      1281 - Second mongol invasion of Japan

    2. Timur Oljeitu (Chengzong) 1294-1307
    3. Keishan Guluk (Wuzong) 1307-1311
    4. Buyantu (Renzong) 1311-1320
    5. Shidebala (Yingzong) 1320-1323
    6. Yesun Timur (Taidingzong) 1323-1328
    7. Aragibag (Tianshundi) 1328
    8. Jijaghatu Togh Timur (Wenzong) 1328-1329, 1329-1332
    9. Koshala Kutuktu (Mingzong) 1329
    10. Irinjibal (Ningzong) 1332-1333
    11. Toghan Timur (Shundi) 1333-1368

      1368 - Mongols expelled from China; line continues in Mongolia until Manchurian conquest in 1696
Khans of the Blue Horde
    1. Batu Khan 1227-1256

      1236-1240 - Conquest of Russia
      1241-1242 - Invasion of Europe

    2. Sartak Khan 1256-1257
    3. Ulaghchi Khan 1257
    4. Berke Khan 1257-1267
    5. Mongke Timur Khan 1267-1280
    6. Tode Mongke Khan 1280-1287
    7. Tole Buka Khan 1287-1291
    8. Tokta Khan 1291-1313
    9. Uzbek Khan 1313-1341
    10. Tinibek Khan 1341-1342
    11. Janibek Khan 1342-1357
    12. Berdibek Khan 1357-1359

      1359-1378 - Period of anarchy
      1378 - Union with Golden Horde
Khans of the White Horde
    1. Orda Khan 1226-1280
    2. Kochu Khan 1280-1302
    3. Buyan Khan 1302-1309
    4. Sasibuka Khan 1309-1315
    5. Ilbasan Khan 1315-1320
    6. Mubarak Khwaja Khan 1320-1344
    7. Chimtay Khan 1344-1374
    8. Urus Khan 1374-1376
    9. Toktakiya Khan 1376-1377
    10. Timur Malik Khan 1377

      1378 - Union with the Golden Horde
Khans of the Golden Horde
    1. Toktamish Khan 1377-1395

      1378 - Union of White Horde and Blue Horde into the Golden Horde

    2. Timur Kutlugh Khan 1395-1401
    3. Shadibek Khan 1401-1407
    4. Pulad Khan 1407-1410
    5. Timur Khan 1410-1412
    6. Jalal adDin Khan 1412
    7. Karim Berdi Khan 1412-1414
    8. Kebek Khan 1414-1417
    9. Yeremferden Khan 1417-1419
    10. Ulugh Muhammad & Dawlat Berdi (rivals) 1419-1422
    11. Barak Khan 1422-1433
    12. Sayyid Ahmad Khan 1433-1435
    13. Kuchuk Muhammad Khan 1435-1465
    14. Ahmad Khan 1465-1481

      1480 - Czar Ivan III refuses tribute; independence of Russia

    15. Shaykh Ahmad Khan 1481-1498, 1499-1502
    16. Murtada Khan 1481-1499

      1502 - Conquered by the Khans of the Crimea
Khans of the Chagatai Khanate
    1. Chagatai Khan 1227-1244
    2. Qara Hulegu Khan 1244-1246, 1251-1252
    3. Yesu Mongke Khan 1246-1251
    4. Orqina Khatun Khan 1252-1260
    5. Alughu Khan 1260-1266
    6. Mubarak Shah Khan 1266
    7. Barak Khan 1266-1271
    8. Negubey Khan 1271-1272
    9. Buka Timur Khan 1272-1282
    10. Du'a Khan 1282-1306
    11. Konchek Khan 1306-1308
    12. Taliku Khan 1308-1309
    13. Kebek Khan 1309, 1320-1326
    14. Esen Buka Khan 1309-1320
    15. Ilchigidai Khan 1326
    16. Du'a Timur Khan 1326
    17. Tarmashirin Khan 1326-1334
    18. Buzan Khan 1334
    19. Changshi Khan 1334-1338
    20. Yesun Timur 1338-1342
    21. Muhammad Khan 1342-1343
    22. Kazan Khan 1343-1346
    23. Danishmendji Khan 1346-1358
    24. Buyan Kuli Khan 1358
    25. Shah Timur Khan 1359
    26. Tughluk Timur Khan 1359-1363

      After 1363 - Period of chaos until the rise of Timur (Tamerlane) in 1370
Ilkhans of the Ilkhanate
    1. Hulegu Khan 1256-1265

      1255-1260 - Middle East conquered
      1260 - Defeat by Mamluk Turks halts Hulegu's advance

    2. Abaqa Ilkhan 1265-1282
    3. Ahmad Ilkhan (Tegudur) 1282-1284
    4. Arghun Ilkhan 1284-1291
    5. Gaykhatu Ilkhan 1291-1295
    6. Baydu Ilkhan 1295
    7. Mahmud Ilkhan (Ghazan) 1295-1304
    8. Oljaitu Ilkhan 1304-1316
    9. Abu Said Ilkhan 1316-1335
    10. Arpa Keun Ilkhan 1335-1336
    11. Musa Ilkhan 1336-1337
    12. Muhammad Ilkhan 1337-1338

      1338 - Ilkhanate splinters

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