In plant terminology
, a ruderal is a plant which has the strategy of growing quickly when resources are available, then dying after producing many seeds. These are opportunistic plants, many of which are weeds
. They are also the plants which may become invasive
if introduced to the wrong area. Although many are noxious weed
s, many wildflower
s are also in this catergory. Most ruderals are annuals
which die after the growing season, but some shrubs, like tamarisk
, and trees, such as cottonwood
, also share this strategy.
Ruderals gain the advantage in disturbed areas, nutrient-rich areas, and other areas with little competition. They are usually outcompeted by other plants and eventually replaced, in a process called succession.
Other survival strategies used by plants are Competitive and Stress-Tolerant