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A simple sentence is the most basic of all sentences, containing one and only one clause. A simple sentence will always have a subject (what the sentence is about) as well as a predicate (explaining what is happening to the subject). Beware though, that the simplest of sentences may have an understood subject. These generally take the form of a command with the understood subject being "you."

      |
(You) | Run
-------------
sub. | pred.


So long as the sentence contains only one clause it may be much longer than this first example.

Susie, run!

          |
Susie  | run
-----------------


Susie, run away from the lion!
          |
Susie  | run
-----------------
\
\ away
| \
|  \  lion
from  ---------
\
\ the
\


Susie, run away from the great, big, scary lion before he eats you!
          |
Susie  |     run
-----------------------
\         \
.          \ away
\         | \
.         |  \         lion
\      from  ---------------------
.              \    \      \    \
\before        \the \great \big \scary
.              \    \      \    \
\
.        |
\   he  |  eats   |  you
--------------------------


Simple sentences, in the evolutionary chain of written communication, are a rung in the ladder above clauses which themselves are the parents of phrases. Additionally, simple sentences are often the first successful phrases a child will put together when learning language. Direct and poignant, simple sentences work admirably as summation or conclusion points; their overuse however may have an overall "simpleton" effect on your work.

For further edification, perhaps a perusal of clause to review where sentences come from is in order. Or rather we should forge ahead and learn about compound sentences...

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