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Slang for timed chess games limited to either five or two minute gameplay. To win, either player must checkmate his opponent in the time alloted or have time remaining on his clock at any point where it is the opponent's turn to move and his clock runs out. This would be a win on 'time' as supposed to a 'mated' win. An interesting variant win of speed chess is the ability to 'capture' the king during gameplay. Normally in chess, kings are never captured per se. Rather, checkmate is defined as putting the king in a position where it is on an attacked square and cannot escape to a friendly square on its next move. Gameplay during a speed game is fast, massive, and breathtaking. As supposed to tournament play or un-timed matches, speed players must make split second decisions and have instant understanding of his position at any specific moment. Because of the tremendously short time-limit, players must rely on pre-memorized 'main' lines of play , a strong sense of openings, and keen awareness of variations off the main line. This leads to situations where opponents will collectively drill through an average of fifty to sixty-five piece movements within the first twenty to thirty seconds of a game. As gameplay continues, the added tension of having only minutes or seconds left to attempt checkmate often leads to amazing gambits and horribly bad tactical decisions(blunders). Towards the end of speed matches, players may attempt to capitalize on his opponent's lack of time and make ludicrously wild piece movements to confuse, intimidate, and psychologically take his opponent out of the game(this is the best part of gameplay, as it capitalizes on your ability to play head games and be a general asshole). Interestingly enough, speed chess was brought to popularity on the urban street level. This was a high-contrast to the history of refined tournament play, the contemporary chess club circuit, or gameplay of the famed russian powerhouse chess schools. Speed chess is also referred to as blitz chess.

Often called blitz chess.

Rules:

1. Chess clocks must be used.
-- a player makes a move by making a legal move, ending by pressing the chess clock. if a player fails to press his/her chess clock after moving a piece, it is not yet his/her opponent's turn and his/her opponent must not move a piece.
-- "touch move" rules are optional. The default is for no touch move rule - altering a move is allowed (by taking back the move made and making another legal move) as long as the player has not pressed his/her chess clock, signalling the end of his/her move.
-- typical time controls are 5 minutes per person per game, although a better player can give a time advantage by voluntarily taking less time on his clock.

2. Ending the game:
- the game ends when either one player resigns, one player runs out of time, a player checkmates his/her opponent or when one player makes an illegal move.
- draws occur according to the usual rules - when both sides have insufficient material to checkmate, through mutual agreement, by repetition of positions (3 times), 50 consecutive moves without a capture or pawn move or through stalemate.
-- it is the responsibility of each player to notice when his/her opponent's flag has fallen, signalling the end of their time. A win is then claimed by stopping both clocks and announcing this. If both flags have fallen, the result of the game is a draw.
--- note: if you have checkmated your opponent and stopped the clocks ... only to find your flag had already fallen but your opponent did not claim a win on time earlier, the game is drawn.

3. Rules peculiar to speed chess:
- if a player accidentally or intentionally makes an illegal move, it is the opponent's obligation to notice this and end the game by announcing this and stopping the chess clocks. The opponent must do so before making a move. If the opponent has sufficient material to possibly checkmate his/her opponent then he/she has won, otherwise the game is drawn (e.g. king and knight against king). If the illegal move is not challenged before the opponent has made his/her own move, then the illegal move stands.

In the variant called lightning chess, the time controls are even shorter, typically 1 or 2 minutes.


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