Born in 1699:
Died in 1699:
Events of 1699:
Peter the Great, Tsar of all the Russias:
institutes calendar reform, including the Anno Domini system of counting
years in Russia, and the New Year's beginning January 1 instead of September
is nervous about 17-year-old Swedish King Karl XII's saber rattling;
at the same time, he sees an opportunity to gain territory from Sweden,
and concludes a military alliance with Saxony, Denmark, and Poland.
14-year-old George Frideric Handel pens his first known musical
Sikh guru Gobind Singh founds the Khalsa order during the
Pirate captain William Kidd lands at Boston and turns himself
in after receiving assurances of clemency from Massachusetts governor
Lord Bellomont. Bad idea; Bellomont ships Kidd and his cohorts
back to London in irons.
At Cahokia, Illinois, French Jesuit priests build a house
and a chapel, the first European settlement on the Mississippi.
Arenales Indians rebel against the Spanish on Trinidad. A mission
is burned and four priests are killed, and The Spanish suppress the rebellion
with bloody reprisals.
Settlers in the Scottish colony of "New Caledonia" in Panama go home
after the Spanish seize their supplies.
A Virginia town named "Middle plantation" is renamed Williamsburg after King William III and the Virginia seat of
government is moved there. The former capital, Jamestown, is abandoned.
William III appoints Sir Isaac Newton as Master of the Mint.
French scientist Guillaume Amontons rediscovers the laws of friction
(stated earlier by Leonardo da Vinci).
At the suggestion of his Naval minister Ponchartrain, King Louis XIV
levies a tax on theaters, ostensibly to discourage begging.
Louisiana founded by Pierre Le Moyne (sieur de Iberville) and
his brothers, including Jean-Baptiste (sieur de Bienville).
On Shrove Tuesday they camp in the Mississippi River delta and name
things after Mardi Gras.
While exploring the river, they come upon a decorated red pole serving as a boundary marker between two resident tribes
(the Bayougoula and Houma).
Later in the year, they found the first settlements, Mobile
and Fort Maurepas (Biloxi).
They also convince a few Englishmen that settling in the area was a bad
A large number of Huguenot refugees from France settle in Virginia.
Austria's war with the Ottoman Empire ends. At the peace of Karlowitz,
eastern European powers each take bites:
1698 - 1699 - 1700
How they Were Made - 17th Century