Canadian Politician, and former Prime Minister from 7 November 1873 - 9 October 1878

In 1873, he became the second prime minister of Canada, defeating Sir John A. Macdonald in the election. He would serve one term, and lose to the same man in 1878.

He was a Liberal and a Stonemason and was born in 1822 in Scotland. As a stonemason he was directly involved in construction efforts for the Parliament Buildings in Ottawa. Under Mackenzie, the Supreme Court of Canada was established. He also introduced the secret ballot. His administration completed the scandal-plagued trans Canada Railway that brought down the prior administration of Sir John A. MacDonald. Mackenzie allied himself with the working class and refused knighthood three times.

Previous Prime Minister: Sir John A. Macdonald (1873)
Next Prime Minister: Sir John A. Macdonald (1878)

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