The creation of Canada in 1867 was a result of several conferences. The first was held in Charlottetown in September 1864. The second was held in Quebec City in October 1864. The men who drew up with the plans for Canada were in a tough spot. The neighbors to the south were emerging from a messy Civil War, in which the meddlesome British had aided the losing side. The possibility of American vengeance, as well as Fenian raids, led to a climate for consolidation of the remaining British colonies.

The delegates were: In 1949, Newfoundland joined Canada under Joey Smallwood. He would be the last Father of Confederation.

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