tsraṣiñ waste wrasaśśi;
tsraṣiśśi mā praski naṣ
"The strong are the people's protection;
the strong are without fear." (Tocharian A)
Tocharian A = Turfanian = East Tocharian.
Tocharian B = Kuchean = West Tocharian.
Two languages formerly spoken in Xinjiang, of which most of the surviving records are Buddhist texts. Often referred to as dialects, some
believe they are divergent enough to be called separate languages.
They are centum languages (A känt, B kante), which, along with their being the westernmost ancient IE languages found, gives support to the idea that the satem languages were an innovative group in themselves and not, say, that the centum and satem languages were two groups descended from an original source.
Tocharian's case system includes the nominative, genitive, ablative, allative, causal, comitative, instrumental, locative, and perlative. All but the first two were secondary, formed from an oblique stem with postpositions regularly added (as opposed to other IE langs, where the endings for different cases are different for different genders and numbers). Tocharian B also had a vocative.
The name Tocharian is given on the assumption that these people were the Twghry mentioned in Old Turkic manuscripts and the Tocharoi
referred to in Greek. The idea that these are the same people does not appear
to be widespread.