Born in 1697:
Died in 1697:
Events of 1697:
- Tsar Peter the Great travels incognitio around Europe; however, when he goes into a Haarlem barber shop for a shave, the barber recognizes him.
William Penn publishes a Plan of Union, essentially a way for
the English North American colonies to resolve disputes without involving
Daniel Defoe publishes An Essay On Projects.
William Congreve's play The Mourning Bride (containing the famous line "Music has charms to soothe a savage breast") premeires.
John Dryden publishes an "Ode for St Cecilia's Day", later
set to music as "Alexander's Feast" by Georg Friederic Handel.
Cossacks claim Kamchatka for Russia.
Qing Emperor Kang Xi crushes an invading Mongol army (see above), and
then permits Han men to cultivate land north of the Great
Wall for the first time.
The first services are held in the incomplete St. Paul's Cathedral.
Gotokuji Temple is completed in Edo (now Tokyo).
At the Battle of Zenta, prince Eugene of Savoy crushes the Ottoman army. An embarrassing defeat, as Eugene also captures
all of the army's prosivions and artillery, and 10 of the Sultan's wives.
Polish nobles elect a successor to King Jan Sobiseki, who had
died the year before: Frederick August I, Elector of Saxony, after
he converts to Catholicism.
King William's War also known as the War of the League of Augsburg,
or the Nine Years' War sees much action in North America, with
Pierre Le Moyne, sieur d'Iberville, destroying the
English military presence along Hudson Bay.
Unfortunately, even Louis XIV cannot continue fighting every other power
in Europe, even if some of them are involved in other wars. In September,
the Treaty of Ryswick (aka treaty of Nymegen) restores the status
quo in America and on the Continent; King Louis XIV of France withdraws
his troops from the occupied Spanish Netherlands and The Palatinate,
as well as border forts he had captured in previous wars. However,
in the Carribean, Spain cedes the western part of Hispaniola to France,
the part which will later be called "Haiti".
1696 - 1697 - 1698
How they Were Made - 17th Century