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1:1 Now it came to pass in the thirtieth year, in the fourth month, in the fifth day of the month, as I was among the captives by the river of Chebar, that the heavens were opened, and I saw visions of God.
1:2 In the fifth day of the month, which was the fifth year of king Jehoiachin's captivity, 1:3 The word of the LORD came expressly unto Ezekiel the priest, the son of Buzi, in the land of the Chaldeans by the river Chebar; and the hand of the LORD was there upon him.
1:4 And I looked, and, behold, a whirlwind came out of the north, a great cloud, and a fire infolding itself, and a brightness was about it, and out of the midst thereof as the colour of amber, out of the midst of the fire.
1:5 Also out of the midst thereof came the likeness of four living creatures. And this was their appearance; they had the likeness of a man.
1:6 And every one had four faces, and every one had four wings.
1:7 And their feet were straight feet; and the sole of their feet was like the sole of a calf's foot: and they sparkled like the colour of burnished brass.
1:8 And they had the hands of a man under their wings on their four sides; and they four had their faces and their wings.
1:9 Their wings were joined one to another; they turned not when they went; they went every one straight forward.
1:10 As for the likeness of their faces, they four had the face of a man, and the face of a lion, on the right side: and they four had the face of an ox on the left side; they four also had the face of an eagle.
1:11 Thus were their faces: and their wings were stretched upward; two wings of every one were joined one to another, and two covered their bodies.
1:12 And they went every one straight forward: whither the spirit was to go, they went; and they turned not when they went.
1:13 As for the likeness of the living creatures, their appearance was like burning coals of fire, and like the appearance of lamps: it went up and down among the living creatures; and the fire was bright, and out of the fire went forth lightning.
1:14 And the living creatures ran and returned as the appearance of a flash of lightning.
1:15 Now as I beheld the living creatures, behold one wheel upon the earth by the living creatures, with his four faces.
1:16 The appearance of the wheels and their work was like unto the colour of a beryl: and they four had one likeness: and their appearance and their work was as it were a wheel in the middle of a wheel.
1:17 When they went, they went upon their four sides: and they turned not when they went.
1:18 As for their rings, they were so high that they were dreadful; and their rings were full of eyes round about them four.
1:19 And when the living creatures went, the wheels went by them: and when the living creatures were lifted up from the earth, the wheels were lifted up.
1:20 Whithersoever the spirit was to go, they went, thither was their spirit to go; and the wheels were lifted up over against them: for the spirit of the living creature was in the wheels.
1:21 When those went, these went; and when those stood, these stood; and when those were lifted up from the earth, the wheels were lifted up over against them: for the spirit of the living creature was in the wheels.
1:22 And the likeness of the firmament upon the heads of the living creature was as the colour of the terrible crystal, stretched forth over their heads above.
1:23 And under the firmament were their wings straight, the one toward the other: every one had two, which covered on this side, and every one had two, which covered on that side, their bodies.
1:24 And when they went, I heard the noise of their wings, like the noise of great waters, as the voice of the Almighty, the voice of speech, as the noise of an host: when they stood, they let down their wings.
1:25 And there was a voice from the firmament that was over their heads, when they stood, and had let down their wings.
1:26 And above the firmament that was over their heads was the likeness of a throne, as the appearance of a sapphire stone: and upon the likeness of the throne was the likeness as the appearance of a man above upon it.
1:27 And I saw as the colour of amber, as the appearance of fire round about within it, from the appearance of his loins even upward, and from the appearance of his loins even downward, I saw as it were the appearance of fire, and it had brightness round about.
1:28 As the appearance of the bow that is in the cloud in the day of rain, so was the appearance of the brightness round about. This was the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the LORD. And when I saw it, I fell upon my face, and I heard a voice of one that spake.

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Everything King James Bible:Ezekiel
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible
back to: Ezekiel
Book: Ezekiel
Chapter: 1

Ezekiel's Vision of God, and of the angelic Host. (1-14) The
conduct of Divine Providence. (15-25) A Revelation of the Son of
Man upon his heavenly Throne. (26-28)

1-14 It is a Mercy to have the Word of God brought to us, and a
duty to attend to it diligently, when we are in affliction. The
voice of God came in the Fulness of Light and power, By the Holy
Spirit. These visions seem to have been sent to possess the
Prophet's mind with great and high thoughts of God. To strike
terror upon sinners. To speak comfort to those that feared God,
and humbled themselves. In ver. 4-14, is the first part of the
Vision, which represents God as attended and served By a vast
company of angels, who are all his messengers, his ministers,
doing his Commandments. This Vision would impress the mind with
solemn awe and fear of the Divine displeasure, yet raise
expectations of blessings. The Fire is surrounded with a Glory.
Though we cannot By searching find out God to Perfection, yet we
see the brightness round about it. The likeness of the living
creatures came out of the midst of the Fire; angels derive their
being and power from God. They have the understanding of a Man,
and far more. A lion excels in strength and boldness. An Ox
excels in diligence and patience, and unwearied discharge of the
work he has to do. An Eagle excels in quickness and piercing
sight, and in soaring high; and the angels, who excel Man in all
these respects, Put On these appearances. The angels have wings;
and whatever business God sends them upon, they lose No time.
They stood straight, and firm, and steady. They had not only
wings for motion, but hands for action. Many persons are quick,
who are not active; they hurry about, but do nothing to purpose;
they have wings, but No hands. But wherever the angels' wings
carried them, they carried hands with them, to be doing what
duty required. Whatever service they went about, they went every
one straight forward. When we go straight, we go forward; when
we serve God with one Heart, we perform work. They turned not
when they went. They made No mistakes; and their work needed not
to be gone over again. They turned not from their business to
trifle with any thing. They went whithersoever the Spirit of God
would have them go. The Prophet saw these Living creatures By
their own Light, for their appearance was like burning coals of
Fire; they are Seraphim, or "burners;" denoting the ardour of
their Love to God, and fervent zeal in his service. We may learn
profitable lessons from subjects we cannot fully enter into or
understand. But let us attend to the things which relate to our
peace and duty, and leave secret things to the Lord, to whom
alone they belong.

15-25 Providence, represented By the wheels, produces changes.
Sometimes one spoke of the Wheel is uppermost, sometimes
another; but the motion of the Wheel On its own axletree is
regular and steady. We need not despond in adversity; the wheels
are turning round and will raise us in due time, while those who
presume in prosperity know not how soon they may be cast down.
The Wheel is near the Living creatures; the angels are employed
as ministers of God's Providence. The Spirit of the living
creatures was in the wheels; the same Wisdom, power, and
Holiness of God, that guide and govern the angels, By them order
all events in this lower world. The Wheel had four faces,
denoting that the Providence of God exerts itself in all parts.
Look every way upon the Wheel of Providence, it has a Face
toward you. Their appearance and work were as a Wheel in the
middle of a Wheel. The disposals of Providence seem to us dark,
perplexed, and unaccountable, yet are all wisely ordered for the
best. The motion of these wheels was steady, regular, and
constant. They went as the Spirit directed, therefore returned
not. We should not have to undo that By Repentance which we have
done amiss, if we followed the guidance of the Spirit. The
rings, or rims of the wheels were So vast, that when Put in
motion the Prophet was afraid to look upon them. The
consideration of the height and depth of God's counsel should
awe us. They were full of eyes round about. The motions of
Providence are all directed By infinite Wisdom. All events are
determined By the eyes of the Lord, which are in every place
beholding the evil and the good; for there is No such thing as
Chance or fortune. The Firmament above was a Crystal, glorious,
but terribly So. That which we take to be a dark Cloud, is to
God clear as Crystal, through which he looks upon all the
inhabitants of the Earth. When the angels had roused a careless
world, they let down their wings, that God's voice might be
plainly heard. The voice of Providence is to open men's ears to
the voice of the Word. Sounds On Earth should awaken our
attention to the voice from Heaven; for how shall we escape, if
we turn away from Him that speaks from thence.

26-28 The eternal Son, the second Person in the Trinity, who
afterwards took the human nature, is here denoted. The first
thing observed was a Throne. It is a Throne of Glory, a Throne
of Grace, a Throne of triumph, a Throne of government, a Throne
of Judgment. It is good news to men, that the Throne above the
Firmament is filled with One who appears, even there, in the
likeness of a Man. The Throne is surrounded with a Rainbow, the
Well-known emblem of the Covenant, representing God's Mercy and
covenanted Love to his people. The Fire of God's wrath was
breaking out against Jerusalem, but bounds should be set to it;
he would look upon the Bow, and remember the Covenant. All the
Prophet saw was only to prepare him for what he was to hear.
When he fell On his Face, he heard the voice of One that spake.
God delights to teach the humble. Let sinners, then, humble
themselves before him. And let believers think upon his Glory,
that they may be gradually changed into his image By the Spirit
of the Lord.

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