The wooden part of a drum. Drum shells usually are made of one of three kinds of wood:

Shotgun shell: A compact cartridge, usually made out of plastic, designed to be discharged in a shotgun. Shells come in many different sizes, or gauges. The smaller a gauge number/size, the larger the shell.

Shell casings are different colors, depending on their gauge. The most common gauge shells are 12 and 20-gauge shells, colored red and yellow, respectively. The largest gauge currently in existence is the 4-gauge. The shell is approximately 1 inch in diameter.

Composition of a shell:
At the base, the primer is seated and fixed in the brass. Then, the powder is loaded. Next, a wad is inserted (usually made of plastic). The purpose of the wad is to hold and cushion the shot as it is expelled from the barrel. The shot is then placed in the shell, and the top of the shell is then crimped, (much like the rolls of dimes and quarters you get from the bank). This design makes it easy to reload shotgun shells.

shelfware = S = shell out

shell n.

[orig. Multics techspeak, widely propagated via Unix] 1. [techspeak] The command interpreter used to pass commands to an operating system; so called because it is the part of the operating system that interfaces with the outside world. 2. More generally, any interface program that mediates access to a special resource or server for convenience, efficiency, or security reasons; for this meaning, the usage is usually `a shell around' whatever. This sort of program is also called a `wrapper'. 3. A skeleton program, created by hand or by another program (like, say, a parser generator), which provides the necessary incantations to set up some task and the control flow to drive it (the term driver is sometimes used synonymously). The user is meant to fill in whatever code is needed to get real work done. This usage is common in the AI and Microsoft Windows worlds, and confuses Unix hackers.

Historical note: Apparently, the original Multics shell (sense 1) was so called because it was a shell (sense 3); it ran user programs not by starting up separate processes, but by dynamically linking the programs into its own code, calling them as subroutines, and then dynamically de-linking them on return. The VMS command interpreter still does something very like this.

--The Jargon File version 4.3.1, ed. ESR, autonoded by rescdsk.

Discussing UNIX shells wise, I like bash, but that's not the point of this writeup.

Shell is owned by the Royal Dutch Shell Group. It was founded in 1907 when the company, a British importer of mother-of-pearl, (Then Royal Dutch Shell Company.) decided to go in to the oil business. The company did well, using the growing American demand for fuel in the 1900s, their first station opened in Washington in 1912. In 1922, the company merged with Union Oil of Delaware becoming a publicly owned company by the name of Shell Union Oil Company. It became privately owned in 1985 when its current owner regained complete control.

Researched from: Kaszynski, William. The American Highway.

On Unix-like systems, the shell is the command interpreter, which accepts command line input and runs other programs accordingly. It's also usually one of the first programming languages that Unix users and system administrators learn. Though relatively simplistic as languages go, the shell is useful because it can easily run other programs and respond to their output or error code results.

Programs that are commonly written in the shell include startup scripts for daemons, installer scripts for binary-only software packages, and system maintenance routines. It is relatively rare today to write larger application programs in a shell language, though it has been done in the past: for a long time, the master DNS and WHOIS databases at InterNIC were maintained by one big shellscript. Most sysadmins today prefer Perl or another more powerful scripting language for many of the tasks that were formerly done in the shell.

There are several flavors of shell commonly in use on Unix and Linux systems today. The original Unix shell is known as sh, or the Bourne shell; its successor on Linux systems is bash. Other popular shells include the C shell or csh, named for certain resemblances to the C language; David Korn's Korn shell or ksh; and the feature-packed zsh.

Shell (?), n. [OE. shelle, schelle, AS. scell, scyll; akin to D. shel, Icel. skel, Goth. skalja a tile, and E. skill. Cf. Scale of fishes, Shale, Skill.]


A hard outside covering, as of a fruit or an animal. Specifically:


The covering, or outside part, of a nut; as, a hazelnut shell.


A pod.


The hard covering of an egg.

Think him as a serpent's egg, . . .
And kill him in the shell.

(d) (Zoöl.)

The hard calcareous or chitinous external covering of mollusks, crustaceans, and some other invertebrates. In some mollusks, as the cuttlefishes, it is internal, or concealed by the mantle. Also, the hard covering of some vertebrates, as the armadillo, the tortoise, and the like.

(e) (Zoöl.)

Hence, by extension, any mollusks having such a covering.

2. (Mil.)

A hollow projectile, of various shapes, adapted for a mortar or a cannon, and containing an explosive substance, ignited with a fuse or by percussion, by means of which the projectile is burst and its fragments scattered. See Bomb.


The case which holds the powder, or charge of powder and shot, used with breechloading small arms.


Any slight hollow structure; a framework, or exterior structure, regarded as not complete or filled in; as, the shell of a house.


A coarse kind of coffin; also, a thin interior coffin inclosed in a more substantial one. Knight.


An instrument of music, as a lyre, -- the first lyre having been made, it is said, by drawing strings over a tortoise shell.

When Jubal struck the chorded shell.


An engraved copper roller used in print works.

8. pl.

The husks of cacao seeds, a decoction of which is often used as a substitute for chocolate, cocoa, etc.

9. (Naut.)

The outer frame or case of a block within which the sheaves revolve.


A light boat the frame of which is covered with thin wood or with paper; as, a racing shell.

Message shell, a bombshell inside of which papers may be put, in order to convey messages. --
Shell bit, a tool shaped like a gouge, used with a brace in boring wood. See Bit, n., 3. --
Shell button.
(a) A button made of shell.
(b) A hollow button made of two pieces, as of metal, one for the front and the other for the back, -- often covered with cloth, silk, etc. --
Shell cameo, a cameo cut in shell instead of stone. --
Shell flower. (Bot.) Same as Turtlehead. --
Shell gland. (Zoöl.)

(a) A glandular organ in which the rudimentary shell is formed in embryonic mollusks.
(b) A glandular organ which secretes the eggshells of various worms, crustacea, mollusks, etc. --
Shell gun, a cannon suitable for throwing shells. --
Shell ibis (Zoöl.), the openbill of India. --
Shell jacket, an undress military jacket. --
Shell lime, lime made by burning the shells of shellfish. --
Shell marl (Min.), a kind of marl characterized by an abundance of shells, or fragments of shells. --
Shell meat, food consisting of shellfish, or testaceous mollusks. Fuller. --
Shell mound. See under Mound. --
Shell of a boiler, the exterior of a steam boiler, forming a case to contain the water and steam, often inclosing also flues and the furnace; the barrel of a cylindrical, or locomotive, boiler. --
Shell road, a road of which the surface or bed is made of shells, as oyster shells. --
Shell sand, minute fragments of shells constituting a considerable part of the seabeach in some places.


© Webster 1913

Shell, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Shelled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Shelling.]


To strip or break off the shell of; to take out of the shell, pod, etc.; as, to shell nuts or pease; to shell oysters.


To separate the kernels of (an ear of Indian corn, wheat, oats, etc.) from the cob, ear, or husk.


To throw shells or bombs upon or into; to bombard; as, to shell a town.

To shell out, to distribute freely; to bring out or pay, as money. [Colloq.]


© Webster 1913

Shell, v. i.


To fall off, as a shell, crust, etc.


To cast the shell, or exterior covering; to fall out of the pod or husk; as, nuts shell in falling.


To be disengaged from the ear or husk; as, wheat or rye shells in reaping.


© Webster 1913

Shell (?), n.


Something similar in form or action to an ordnance shell; specif.:

(a) (Fireworks)

A case or cartridge containing a charge of explosive material, which bursts after having been thrown high into the air. It is often elevated through the agency of a larger firework in which it is contained.

(b) (Oil Wells)

A torpedo.


A concave rough cast-iron tool in which a convex lens is ground to shape.


A gouge bit or shell bit.


© Webster 1913

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