To further Herbman's description, Coda was released after the death of drummer John Bonham. The album was produced by Jimmy Page and released to the public with the following songs on November 19, 1982:

We're Gonna Groove
Poor Tom
I Can't Quit You Baby
Walter's Walk
Ozone Baby
Bonzo's Montreaux - Instrumental / drum track. Later, this song was mixed with Moby Dick for one of the boxed sets.
Wearing and Tearing

The "Complete Studio Recordings" version of Coda includes the following bonus tracks, also available on the various boxed sets listed in the discography of the Led Zeppelin node:

Baby Come on Home
Travelling Riverside Blues
White Summer/Black Mountain Side
Hey Hey What Can I Do

Many Zeppelin fans consider Coda to be a throw off piece of garbage, and while it is true that the continuity of other albums is not represented here, the majority of these songs were recorded throughout the span of the band's career, and none would have been scoffed at if they had been included on the album which was released at the time the song was recorded.

In music notation, a coda sign is a large circle with vertical and horizontal lines through the center of it. It is used in conjunction with either a da capo or a dal segno marking when a part of the piece repeats. It is usually used instead of a repeat sign when the section of the piece that is not repeated is longer than a couple of measures.

The coda sign is drawn just above the staff in two places: where the musician exits in the middle of a piece, and where he reenters at the start of the coda itself, a smaller section which is played separately from the rest of the piece to end it. The word means "end" in Italian.

A coda sign looks something like this, although its closest ASCII approximation is probably an "at" (@) sign:


When used with a da capo al coda marking, it looks something like this (complete with staff, time signature, a quarter note scale, half note and half rest):

    /\                                                  @
---| /----------------------------|---------------------|
   |/                             |        |            |
  /|     4                     |  |   |    |        *   |
|  |  |  4           |    |    |  |   |   *   |    |    |
 \ |  |        |     |    |   *   |           |    |    |
   |           |    *                                    
  \|         -*--             

    /\                                        D.C. al coda
---| /----------------------------|---------------------||
   |/                          |  |                     ||
  /|           |     *         |  |   |   |             ||
|  |  |        |    |    |    *   |   |   |    |   |    ||
 \ |  |             |    |        |      *     |   |    ||
   |                                              *      

@   /\        
---| /----------------------------|---------------------||
   |/                             |                     ||
  /|           |     *   |     *  |    o       __       ||
|  |  |        |    |    |    |   |   |                 ||
 \ |  |             |         |   |   |                 ||

CoDA, or Codependents Anonymous, is a 12-step group for working toward healthy relationships with oneself and others.

It is based on the program of Alcoholics Anonymous, adapted to fit something that is basically an emotional pattern rather than a physical addiction. To some extent both codependency and alcoholism serve as addictions, in that the codependent is using other people rather than a drug in order to fill a hole inside themselves. However, the lack of physical withdrawal symptoms and the need to interact with people in a healthy manner rather than quitting them "cold turkey" are two major differences between the experiences of being alcoholic and codependent. (At the same time, codependent behavior is behind many addictions.)

According to, CoDA's third tradition states that "The only requirement for membership is a desire for healthy and fulfilling relationships." Their program for recovering from codependency consists of four parts:

Attending meetings which vary by theme and purpose - there are meetings just for sharing, speaker meetings that have a main speaker share for all or some of the time, step meetings that focus on study and sharing around the steps, etc.;
Sharing & fellowship talking to other people in the program, sharing your experiences, learning from theirs, and finding out that you're not alone;
Sponsorship working with another CoDA member who has been working on these issues longer and can help you work the steps and provide support for the issues that come up for you - or being a sponsor for someone else; and
Working the steps which are a series of exercises in self-awareness and understanding how to find healthy solutions to life's problems.

Co"da (?), n. [It., tail, fr. L. cauda.] Mus.

A few measures added beyond the natural termination of a composition.


© Webster 1913.

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