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Brazilian shantytown or slum. Built on the outskirts of major cities in Brazil such as Rio de Janeiro or São Paulo, as well as most other urban areas. Usually built on hillsides, and often adjacent to upper-class areas, where many of the favelados (residents of the Favelas) work as maids or servants. Other favelados work in industry or occasionally as university professors.

Houses in favelas tend to be small, in disrepair, and lacking running water, sewer connections, and electricity. But some favelas have developed to become little more than unofficial working-class neighborhoods, rather crowded but with essential services including plumbing, electricity, schools, and parks, and even samba schools.

The excellent film Orfeu Negro (Black Orpheus) presents a romanticized vision of life in the favelas in the mid-1950's.

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