is also a constellation, part of the twelve Zodiac
Mythology and Legends
Castor and Pollux, the two bright stars forming the heads of the constellation, were known as the twin stars from ages past. The Arabic culture knew them as the Two Peacocks, the Egyptians knew them as the Two Sprouting Plants, and the Hindus knew them as the Twin Deities.
Castor and Pollux were members of the Argonauts, who sailed with Jason to find the Golden Fleece.
Castor and Pollux were also known as the twin sons of Jupiter and Leda. Castor was the master of horses and Pollux was a master soldier and fighter.
St. Elmo's Fire was formerly called Ledean Lamps by sailors on sailing ships to honor the sons of Leda.
Wasat * |
Mekbuda * * Mebusta
| * Trejat
Alhena * \
An annual meteor shower appears near Castor and Pollux during December 10th to the 12th. Another meteor shower appears from the feet of Gemini during the month of October.
Castor was the first binary star to be observed, discovered by Bradley in 1750. Castor actually has approximately six companion stars in a loose cluster. A supernova was observed to the right of Mebusta in 1912.
Castor and Pollux were used as the names of the evil twin brothers in the movie Face-Off, starring Nicholas Cage and John Travolta.