Glenrowan is a small town (population about 210) between Benalla and Wangaratta, Victoria, Australia. The Pallanganmiddang Aborigines are thought to have lived in the area before the Rowan brothers settled there in 1846.

The town is most famous due to the actions of Ned Kelly, a bushranger who lived in the area towards the end of the 19th century. The Kelly Gang planned to ambush the police train from Benalla, take the police hostage, rob the banks in Benalla, and then trade the hostages for Mrs Kelly, their mother who was in gaol for "aiding and abetting a murder" for not turning in Ned and Dan Kelly who were wanted for murder.

Unfortunately, the plan went wrong, which led to The Kelly Gang holing up in the Glenrowan Inn, where it is believed that the gang got drunk. The police surrounded the Inn and laid siege to it. The Kellys had made armour for themselves which covered their heads and torsos, but left their limbs exposed. The police brought Ned down by shooting him in the legs. He was hanged for his crimes in Melbourne Gaol, November 11, 1880.

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