KANJI: KYOU oshi (teach, faith, doctrine)

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Character Etymology:

The top left radical is the notion of emulation as represented by a pair of crossed-sticks as in the character meaning school above the character for child. At right is a stylized pictograph of a hand holding a cane, stick, or whip and means strike/coerce/cause to do. Thus, to force a child to emulate, i.e. to teach. Faith and doctrine are associated meanings.

A Listing of All On-Yomi and Kun-Yomi Readings:

on-yomi: KYOU
kun-yomi: oshi(eru) oso(waru)

Nanori Readings:

Nanori: nori hisa

English Definitions:

  1. KYOU: faith.
  2. oshi(eru): teach, give lessons; inform; coach.
  3. oso(waru): learn, be taught, take lessons in.
  4. oshi(e): teaching; lesson, precept; doctrine, tenet; creed, faith; religion; philosophy.

Character Index Numbers:

New Nelson: 2345
Henshall: 101

Unicode Encoded Version:

Unicode Encoded Compound Examples:

教え (oshi(e)go): pupil, disciple.
(kyouhon): textbook.
(kyougaku): education; educational affairs.
教師 (kyoushi): teacher, minister, rabbi, missionary.
(kyokaidou): church, chapel, cathredral, tabernacle.


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Teach (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Taught (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Teaching.] [OE. techen, imp. taughte, tahte, AS. tcean, imp. thte, to show, teach, akin to tacn token. See Token.]


To impart the knowledge of; to give intelligence concerning; to impart, as knowledge before unknown, or rules for practice; to inculcate as true or important; to exhibit impressively; as, to teach arithmetic, dancing, music, or the like; to teach morals.

If some men teach wicked things, it must be that others should practice them. South.


To direct, as an instructor; to manage, as a preceptor; to guide the studies of; to instruct; to inform; to conduct through a course of studies; as, to teach a child or a class.

"He taught his disciples."

Mark ix. 31.

The village master taught his little school. Goldsmith.


To accustom; to guide; to show; to admonish.

I shall myself to herbs teach you. Chaucer.

They have taught their tongue to speak lies. Jer. ix. 5.

⇒ This verb is often used with two objects, one of the person, the other of the thing; as, he taught me Latin grammar. In the passive construction, either of these objects may be retained in the objective case, while the other becomes the subject; as, I was taught Latin grammar by him; Latin grammar was taught me by him.

Syn. -- To instruct; inform; inculcate; tell; guide; counsel; admonish. See the Note under Learn.


© Webster 1913.

Teach (?), v. i.

To give instruction; to follow the business, or to perform the duties, of a preceptor.

And gladly would he learn, and gladly teach. Chaucer.

The priests thereof teach for hire. Micah iii. 11.


© Webster 1913.

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